Otis Brown

Otis Brown

Satellite Remote Sensing, Climate Policy, Engagement, Resilience Phone: +1 828.257.3001 Email: Otis_Brown@ncsu.edu Orcid: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3111-1507


Dr. Brown’s specialties are the development of quantitative methods for the processing and use of satellite remotely-sensed observations to study Earth System processes, with a focus on ocean color and infrared observations, satellite oceanography, and the development and application of new approaches to study climate variability, stakeholder engagement, and resiliency. Historically, his experimental focus was on western boundary current variability, however, recently his interests have shifted to areas of observable climate change impact and approaches to developing resiliency. This latter effort includes use of longer term space-based observations to quantify the impacts of climatic variability, the engagement of stakeholders, and developing decision tools to support resiliency. He collaborated with Professor Mary Doyle at the University of Miami to found the Abess Center for Ecosystem Science and Policy as a sustainable approach to the training of the next generation of Earth System managers and researchers.

Dr. Brown is the founding Director of NCICS and a Research Professor in the Department of Marine, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences at NC State University. He is also a Fellow of the American Meteorological Society and the American Association for the Advancement of Science.



Matthews, J. L., G. Peng, W. N. Meier, and O. Brown, 2020: Sensitivity of Arctic Sea Ice Extent to Sea Ice Concentration Threshold Choice and Its Implication to Ice Coverage Decadal Trends and Statistical Projections. Remote Sensing, 12, 807, https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12050807.

Waliser, D., P. J. Gleckler, R. Ferraro, K. E. Taylor, S. Ames, J. Biard, M. G. Bosilovich, O. Brown, H. Chepfer, L. Cinquini, P. Durack, V. Eyring, P. P. Mathieu, T. Lee, S. Pinnock, G. L. Potter, M. Rixen, R. Saunders, J. Shulz, J. N. Thepaut, and M. Tuma, 2020: Observations for Model Intercomparison Project (Obs4MIPs): Status for CMIP6. Geoscientific Model Development, 13, 2945-2958. http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/gmd-13-2945-2020


Moroni, D.F., H. Ramapriyan, G. Peng, J. Hobbs, J. Goldstein, R. Downs, R. Wolfe, C.-L. Shie, C.J. Merchant, M. Bourassa, J.L. Matthews, P. Cornillon, L. Bastin, K. Kehoe, B. Smith, J.L. Privette, A.C. Subramanian, O. Brown, and I. Ivánová, 2019: Understanding the Various Perspectives of Earth Science Observational Data Uncertainty. Figshare. http://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.10271450.v1


Peng, G., J. L. Privette, C. Tilmes, S. Bristol, T. Maycock, J. J. Bates, S. Hausman, O. Brown, and E. J. Kearns, 2018: A Conceptual Enterprise Framework for Managing Scientific Data Stewardship. Data Science Journal, 17, 15. http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/dsj-2018-015


Ansari, S., S. Del Greco, E. Kearns, O. Brown, S. Wilkins, M. Ramamurthy, J. Weber, R. May, J. Sundwall, J. Layton, A. Gold, A. Pasch, and V. Lakshmanan, 2017: Unlocking the Potential of NEXRAD Data through NOAA’s Big Data Partnership. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 99, 189-204. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0021.1


Kilpatrick, K. A., G. Podestá, S. Walsh, E. Williams, V. Halliwell, M. Szczodrak, O. B. Brown, P. J. Minnett, and R. Evans, 2015: A decade of sea surface temperature from MODIS. Remote Sensing of Environment, 165, 27-41. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2015.04.023


Trenberth, K. E., R. A. Anthes, A. Belward, O. Brown, T. Habermann, T. R. Karl, S. Running, B. Ryan, M. Tanner, and B. Wielicki, 2013: Challenges of a sustained climate observing system. In Climate Science for Serving Society, G. R. Asrar, and J. W. Hurrell, Eds., Springer Netherlands, 13-50. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6692-1_2


Beal, L. M., J. M. Hummon, E. Williams, and O. Brown, 2008: Five years of Florida Current Structure and Transport from the Royal Caribbean Cruise ship Explorer of the Seas, Journal of Geophysical Research, 113 (C06001). http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2007JC004154

Framiñan, M. B., A. Valle-Levinson, H. H. Seplveda and O. B. Brown, 2008: Tidal Variations of Flow, Shear and Stratification at the Rio de La Plata Estuary Turbidity Front, Journal of Geophysical Research, 113 (C08035). http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2006JC004038


Yang, Q., B. Parvin, A. J. Mariano, E. Ryan, R. H. Evans and O. B. Brown, 2004: Seasonal and interannual studies of vortices in sea surface temperature data. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 25, 7-8, 1371-1376. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01431160310001592319


Minnett, P. J., R. O. Knuteson, F. A. Best, B. J. Osborne, J. A. Hanafin and O. B. Brown, 2001: The Marine-Atmosphere Emitted Radiance Interferometer (M-AERI), a high-accuracy, sea-going infrared spectroradiometer. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 18, 994-1013. http://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0426(2001)018<0994:TMAERI>2.0.CO;2


Kearns, E. J., J. A. Hanafin, R.H. Evans, P. J. Minnett, and O. B. Brown, 2000. An independent assessment of Pathfinder AVHRR sea-surface temperature accuracy using the Marine Atmosphere Emitted Radiance Interferometer (M-AERI). Bulletin of the American Meteorology Society. 81, 1525-1536. http://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0477(2000)081<1525:AIAOPA>2.3.CO;2


W. E. Esaias, M. Abbott, I. Barton, O. B. Brown, J. W. Campbell, K. L. Carder, D. K. Clark, R. H. Evans, F. E. Hoge, H. R. Gordon, W. M. Balch, R. Letelier, and P. J. Minnett, 1998: An Overview of MODIS Capabilities for Ocean Science Observations. IEEE, Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 36, 1250-1265. http://doi.org/10.1109/36.701076


Goni, G. J., S. L. Garzoli, A. J. Roubicek, D. B. Olson, and O. B. Brown, 1997: Agulhas Ring Dynamics from TOPEX/POSEIDON Satellite Altimeter Data. Journal of Marine Research, 55, 861-883. http://doi.org/10.1357/0022240973224175


Forbes, C., and O. Brown, 1996: Assimilation of Sea Surface Height Data into an Isopycnic Ocean Model. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 26, 1189-1213. http://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0485(1996)026<1189:AOSSHD>2.0.CO;2

M. B. Framiñan and O. B. Brown, 1996: Study of the Rio de la Plata Turbidity Front, Part I: Spatial and Temporal Distribution. Continental Shelf Research. 16, 1259-1282. http://doi.org/10.1016/0278-4343(95)00071-2

W. L. Smith, R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, W. Feltz, H. B. Howell, W. P. Menzel, N. R. Nalli, O. Brown, J. Brown, P. Minnett, and W. McKeown, 1996: Observations of the infrared radiative properties of the ocean-implications for the measurement of sea surface temperature via Satellite Remote Sensing. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 77, 41-51. http://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0477(1996)077<0041:OOTIRP>2.0.CO;2


Goni, G., G. Podesta, O. Brown, and J. Brown, 1995: Mesoscale ocean variability signal recovered from altimeter data in the SW Atlantic Ocean: a comparison of orbit error correction in three Geosat data sets. Boletim do Instituto Oceanográfico, 43, 101-110. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0373-55241995000200002


Forbes, C., K. Leaman, D. Olson, and O. Brown, 1993: Eddy and wave dynamics in the South Atlantic as diagnosed from GEOSAT altimeter data. Journal of  Geophysical Research, 98, 12,297-12,314. http://doi.org/10.1029/93JC00405

O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, 1993: Calibration of AVHRR Infrared Channels: A New Approach to Nonlinear Correction. Journal of  Geophysical Research Oceans, 98, 18,157-18,269. http://doi.org/10.1029/93JC01638


Mariano, A. J. and O. B. Brown, 1992: Efficient objective analysis of dynamically heterogeneous and nonstationary fields via the parameter matrix. Deep Sea Research Part A, Oceanographic Research Papers, 39, 1255-1271. http://doi.org/10.1016/0198-0149(92)90068-5


O. B. Brown, and R. H. Evans, 1991: The annual cycle of satellite-derived sea surface temperature in the Southwest Atlantic Ocean. Journal of Climate, 4, 457-467. http://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(1991)004<0457:TACOSD>2.0.CO;2


Deuser, W. G., F. E. Muller-Karger, R. H. Evans, O.B. Brown, W. E. Esaias, and G. C. Feldman, 1990: Surface-ocean color and deep-ocean carbon flux: How close a connection? Deep Sea Research Part A, Oceanographic Research Papers, 37, 1331-1343. http://doi.org/10.1016/0198-0149(90)90046-X


Brown, O. B., P. C. Cornillon, S. R. Emmerson, and H. M. Carle, 1986: Warm Core Rings: A statistical study of their behavior. Deep Sea Research Part A, Oceanographic Research Papers, 33, 1459-1473. http://doi.org/10.1016/0198-0149(86)90062-2


Brown, O. B., R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, H. R. Gordon, R. C. Smith, and K. S. Baker, 1985: Phytoplankton blooming off the U.S. East Coast: A satellite description. Science, 229, 163-167. http://doi.org/10.1126/science.229.4709.163



Brown, O., K. Kunkel, and J. Dissen, 2015: Opportunities in Climate Analytics for Utilities. Utility Analytics Executive Advisory Council, August 2015.

Brown, O., K. Kunkel, and J. Dissen, 2015: Storm Data for Utilities. Utility Analytics Storm Analytics Working Group Presentation, September 2015.

Brown, O., and K. E. Kunkel, 2015: State of the Climate Science in Identification of Risks; Presentation and Use of Data from National Climate Center and Affiliates. invited talk, Executive Forum on Business and Climate Workshop: Private Property, Information Disclosure, and the Roles of Insurance and Government,, Chapel, NC, 20 March 2015.

Dissen, J., J. L. Privette, T. G. Houston, D. P. Brown, K. Gleason, and R. A. Leduc Clarke, 2015: A New Approach to Climate Services at NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC). 2015 AMS Annual Meeting, 7 January 2015.


Jones, P. R., N. A. Ritchey, G. Peng, V. A. Toner, H. Brown, and K. Roberts, 2014: ISO, FGDC, DIF and Dublin Core – making sense of metadata standards for Earth Science data. AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, CA, USA, 15-19 December 2014.