Carl Schreck

Carl Schreck

Tropical climate variability Phone: +1 828.257.3140 Email: cjschrec@ncsu.edu Orcid: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9331-5754

Biography

Dr. Carl Schreck joined NCICS in August 2010 after completing his PhD at the University at Albany. He serves as a Research Scholar at NCICS, as an adjunct Assistant Professor with North Carolina State University’s Department of Marine, Earth, and Atmospheric Sciences, and as an adjunct Associate Professor with NC A&T.

Dr. Schreck investigates tropical weather and its impacts around the globe. He is particularly interested in identifying and predicting the Madden–Julian Oscillation (MJO) and equatorial waves. Dr. Schreck engages with partners in private industry to explore how these systems can improve long-range forecasts of weather risk over the United States, including hurricanes, extreme precipitation, and extreme temperatures.

He also partners with forecasters at NOAA’s Climate Prediction Center and National Hurricane Center to improve extended forecasts of tropical cyclogenesis and tropical rainfall. One of his passions is assessing and reducing uncertainties in the historical tropical cyclone best tracks.

Dr. Schreck also leads the tropical and synoptic sections of NCEI’s monthly climate reports and is co-editor of the annual “State of the Climate” report for the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society.

Publications

2020

Diamond, H.J. and C.J. Schreck, 2020: The Tropics [in “State of the Climate in 2019”]. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 101 (8), S185-S238. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-20-0077.1

Huang, B., M.J. Menne, T. Boyer, E. Freeman, B.E. Gleason, J.H. Lawrimore, C. Liu, J.J. Rennie, C.J. Schreck, III, F. Sun, R. Vose, C.N. Williams, X. Yin, and H.-M. Zhang, 2020: Uncertainty estimates for sea surface temperature and land surface air temperature in NOAAGlobalTemp version 5. Journal of Climate. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0395.1

Klotzbach, P. J., M. M. Bell, S. G. Bowen, E. J. Gibney, K. R. Knapp, and C. J. Schreck, 2020: Surface pressure a more skillful predictor of normalized hurricane damage than maximum sustained wind. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 101, E830–E846. https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0062.1

Klotzbach, P.J., C.J. Schreck, III, G.P. Compo, S.G. Bowen, E.J. Gibney, E.C.J. Oliver, and M.M. Bell, 2020: The Record-Breaking 1933 Atlantic Hurricane Season. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 1-54. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0330.1

Mekonnen, A., C. J. Schreck, and B. D. Enyew, 2020: The Impact of Kelvin Wave Activity during Dry and Wet African Summer Rainfall Years. Atmosphere, 11, 568. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/atmos11060568

Saunders, M. A., P. J. Klotzbach, A. S. R. Lea, C. J. Schreck, and M. M. Bell, 2020: Quantifying the Probability and Causes of the Surprisingly Active 2018 North Atlantic Hurricane Season. Earth and Space Science, https://doi.org/10.1029/2019EA000852.

Schreck, C. J., M. A. Janiga, and S. Baxter, 2020: Sources of Tropical Subseasonal Skill in the CFSv2. Monthly Weather Review, 148, 1553–1565, https://doi.org/10.1175/mwr-d-19-0289.1.

Wood, K. M., P. J. Klotzbach, J. M. Collins, L.-P. Caron, R. E. Truchelut, and C. J. Schreck, 2020: Factors affecting the 2019 Atlantic hurricane season and the role of the Indian Ocean Dipole. Geophysical Research Letters, In press, e2020GL087781. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2020gl087781.

Worku, L. Y., A. Mekonnen, and C. J. Schreck, 2020: The Impact of MJO, Kelvin, and Equatorial Rossby Waves on the Diurnal Cycle over the Maritime Continent. Atmosphere, 11, 711. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/atmos11070711

2019

Arguez, A., A. Inamdar, M. A. Palecki, C. J. Schreck, and A. H. Young, 2019: ENSO Normals: A new U.S. climate normals product conditioned by ENSO phase and intensity and accounting for secular trends. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 58, 1381–1397. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JAMC-D-18-0252.1

Camargo, S.J., J. Camp, R.L. Elsberry, P.A. Gregory, P.J. Klotzbach, C.J. Schreck, A.H. Sobel, M.J. Ventrice, F. Vitart, Z. Wang, M.C. Wheeler, M. Yamaguchi, and R. Zhan, 2019: Tropical Cyclone Prediction on Subseasonal Time-Scales. Tropical Cyclone Research and Review, 8, 150–165. http://dx.doi.org/10.6057/2019TCRR03.04

Diamond, H. J., C. J. Schreck, Eds., 2019: The tropics [in “State of the Climate in 2018”]. In: Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, J. Blunden, and D. S. Arndt, Eds., American Meteorological Society, S175-S214. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/2019BAMSStateoftheClimate.1

Green, T. A., C. J. Schreck III, N. S. Johnson, and S. Stevens Heath, 2018: Educational Backgrounds of TV Weathercasters. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 100, 581–588. https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-17-0047.1

Stevens, S. E., C. J. Schreck, S. Saha, J. E. Bell, and K. E. Kunkel, 2019: Precipitation and fatal motor vehicle crashes: continental analysis with high-resolution radar data. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 100, 1453–1461. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0001.1

Wood, K. M., P. J. Klotzbach, J. M. Collins, and C. J. Schreck, 2019: The Record-Setting 2018 Eastern North Pacific Hurricane Season. Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 10072– 10081. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2019GL083657

Worku, L. Y., A. Mekonnen, and C. J. Schreck, III, 2019: Diurnal cycle of rainfall and convection over the Maritime Continent using TRMM and ISCCP. International Journal of Climatology, 39, 5191–5200. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/joc.6121

2018

Bell, J. E., C. L. Brown, K. Conlon, S. Herring, K. E. Kunkel, J. Lawrimore, G. Luber, C. Schreck, A. Smith, and C. Uejio, 2018: Changes in extreme events and the potential impacts on human health. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association68, 265-287. http://doi.org/10.1080/10962247.2017.1401017 (See NCEI web story)

Diamond, H. J., and C. J. Schreck, Eds., 2018: The tropics [in “State of the Climate in 2017”]. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 99, S101-S142. http://doi.org/10.1175/2018BAMSStateoftheClimate.1

Emanuel, K., P. Caroff, S. Delgado, C. C. Guard, M. Guishard, C. Hennon, J. Knaff, K. R. Knapp, J. Kossin, C. Schreck, C. Velden, and J. Vigh, 2018: Desirability and Feasibility of a Global Reanalysis of Tropical Cyclones. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society99, 427–429. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-17-0226.1

Herring, S. C., N. Christadis, A. Hoell, C. J. Schreck, III, and P. A. Stott, Eds., 2018: Explaining Extreme Events of 2016 from a Climate Perspective. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, January, 2018 ed. Vol. 99, S1–S157 pp. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-ExplainingExtremeEvents2016.1

Janiga, M. A., C. Schreck, J. A. Ridout, M. Flatau, N. Barton, E. J. Metzger, and C. Reynolds, 2018: Subseasonal Forecasts of Convectively Coupled Equatorial Waves and the MJO: Activity and Predictive Skill. Monthly Weather Review. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-17-0261.1

Klotzbach, P. J., C. J. Schreck, J. M. Collins, M. M. Bell, E. S. Blake, and D. Roache, 2018: The Extremely Active 2017 North Atlantic Hurricane Season. Monthly Weather Review, 146, 3425–3443. http://doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-18-0078.1

Schreck, C., H.-T. Lee, K. Knapp, 2018: HIRS Outgoing Longwave Radiation—Daily Climate Data Record: Application toward Identifying Tropical Subseasonal Variability. Remote Sensing, 10, 1325. http://doi.org/10.3390/rs10091325

Shi, L., C. J. Schreck, and M. Schröder, 2018: Assessing the Pattern Differences between Satellite-Observed Upper Tropospheric Humidity and Total Column Water Vapor during Major El Niño Events. Remote Sensing, 10, 1188. http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.3390/rs10081188

2017

Semunegus, H., A. Mekonnen, and C. J. Schreck, III, 2017: Characterization of convective systems and their association with African easterly waves. International Journal of Climatology37, 4486-4492. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/joc.5085

2016

Bell, J. E., S. C. Herring, L. Jantarasami, C. Adrianopoli, K. Benedict, K. Conlon, V. Escobar, J. Hess, J. Luvall, C. P. Garcia-Pando, D. Quattrochi,J. Runkle, and C. J. Schreck, III, 2016: Ch. 4: Impacts of Extreme Events on Human Health.The Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States: A Scientific Assessment, U.S. Global Change Research Program, 99–128. http://dx.doi.org/10.7930/J0BZ63ZV

Diamond, H. J., and C. J. Schreck, 2016: The tropics [in “State of the Climate in 2015”]. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97, S93-S130. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/2016BAMSStateoftheClimate.1

Herring, S. C., A. Hoell, M. P. Hoerling, J. P. Kossin, C. J. Schreck, III, and P. A. Stott, Eds., 2016: Explaining Extreme Events of 2015 from a Climate Perspective. Vol. 97, S1–S145 pp., https://www.ametsoc.org/ams/index.cfm/publications/bulletin-of-the-american-meteorological-society-bams/explaining-extreme-events-from-a-climate-perspective/

Klotzbach, P. J., E. C. J. Oliver, R. D. Leeper, and C. J. Schreck, III, 2016: The relationship between the Madden–Julian Oscillation (MJO) and southeastern New England snowfall. Monthly Weather Review, 144, 1355-1362. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-15-0434.1

Schreck, C. J., 2016: Convectively Coupled Kelvin Waves and Tropical Cyclogenesis in a semi-Lagrangian framework. Monthly Weather Review, 144, 4131-4139. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-16-0237.1

2015

Schreck, C. J., III, S. Bennett, J. M. Cordeira, J. Crouch, J. Dissen, A. L. Lang, D. Margolin, A. O’Shay, J. Rennie, and M. J. Ventrice, 2015: Natural gas prices and the extreme winters of 2011/12 and 2013/14: Causes, indicators, and interactions. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96, S93-S96. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00237.1

Schreck, C. J., III, 2015: Kelvin waves and tropical cyclogenesis: A global survey. Monthly Weather Review, 143, 3996-4011. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-15-0111.1

Hennon, C. C., K. R. Knapp, C. J. Schreck, III, S. E. Stevens, J. P. Kossin, P. W. Thorne, P. A. Hennon, M. C. Kruk, J. Rennie, J.-M. Gadéa, M. Striegl, and I. Carley, 2015: Cyclone Center: Can citizen scientists improve tropical cyclone intensity records? Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96, 591-607. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00152.1

Schreck, C. J., III, K. R. Knapp, and J. P. Kossin, 2015: The impact of best track discrepancies on global tropical cyclone climatologies using IBTrACS. Monthly Weather Review, 142, 3881-3899. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-14-00021.1

2014

Kruk, M. C., C. J. Schreck, III, and T. Evans, 2014: [The Tropics] Eastern North Pacific basin [in "State of the Climate in 2013"]. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, J. Blunden, and D. S. Arndt, Eds., American Meteorological Society, S90-S92. http://doi.org/10.1175/2014BAMSStateoftheClimate.1

Peng, G., J.-R. Bidlot, H. P. Freitag, and C. J. Schreck, III, 2014: Directional bias of TAO daily buoy wind vectors in the Central Equatorial Pacific Ocean from November 2008 to January 2010. Data Science Journal, 13, 79-87. http://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/dsj/13/0/13_14-019/_article

2013

Gottschalck, J., P. E. Roundy, C. J. Schreck, III, A. Vintzileos, and C. Zhang, 2013: Large-scale atmospheric and oceanic conditions during the 2011Ð12 DYNAMO field campaign. Monthly Weather Review, 141, 4173-4196. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-13-00022.1

Kruk, M. C., C. J. Schreck, III, and R. Tanabe, 2013: [The Tropics] Eastern North Pacific basin [in "State of the Climate in 2012"]. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94, S89ÐS92. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/2013BAMSStateoftheClimate.1

Schreck, C. J., III, J. M. Cordeira, and D. Margolin, 2013: Which MJO events affect North American temperatures? Monthly Weather Review, 141, 3840-3850. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-13-00118.1

Schreck, C. J., III, L. Shi, J. P. Kossin, and J. J. Bates, 2013: Identifying the MJO, equatorial waves, and their impacts using 32 years of HIRS upper-tropospheric water vapor. Journal of Climate, 26, 1418-1431. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00034.1

Shi, L., C. J. Schreck, III, and V. O. John, 2013: An improved HIRS upper tropospheric water vapor dataset and its correlations with major climate indices. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 12, 33411-33442. http://www.atmos-chem-phys-discuss.net/12/33411/2012/

Ventrice, M. J., M. C. Wheeler, H. H. Hendon, C. J. Schreck, III, C. D. Thorncroft, and G. N. Kiladis, 2013: A modified multivariate MaddenÐJulian Oscillation index using velocity potential. Monthly Weather Review, 141, 4197-4210. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-12-00327.1

2012

Ventrice, M. J., C. D. Thorncroft, and C. J. Schreck, 2012: Impacts of convectively coupled Kelvin waves on environmental conditions for Atlantic tropical cyclogenesis. Monthly Weather Review, 140, 2198–2214. http://doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-11-00305.1

Kruk, M. C., C. J. Schreck, and Hennon, Paula A., 2012: [The Tropics] Eastern North Pacific basin [in “State of the Climate in 2011”]. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 93, S105–S107. http://doi.org/10.1175/2012BAMSStateoftheClimate.1

Aiyyer, A., A. Mekonnen, and C. J. Schreck, 2012: Projection of tropical cyclones on wavenumber-frequency filtered equatorial waves. Journal of Climate, 25, 3653–3658. http://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00451.1

Schreck, C. J., J. Molinari, and A. Aiyyer, 2012: A global view of equatorial waves and tropical cyclogenesis. Monthly Weather Review, 140, 774-788,. http://doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-11-00110.1

2011

Schreck, C. J., and J. Molinari, 2011: Tropical cyclogenesis associated with Kelvin waves and the Madden–Julian oscillation, Monthly Weather Review, 139, 2723-2734. http://doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-10-05060.1

Schreck, C. J., J. Molinari, and K. I. Mohr, 2011: Attributing tropical cyclogenesis to equatorial waves in the western North Pacific. Journal of Atmospheric Science68, 195-209. http://doi.org/10.1175/2010JAS3396.1

2009

Schreck, C. J., and J. Molinari, 2009: A case study of an outbreak of twin tropical cyclones. Monthly Weather Review137, 863-875. http://doi.org/10.1175/2008MWR2541.1

Roundy, P. E., and C. J. Schreck, 2009: A combined wave-number–frequency and time-extended EOF approach for tracking the progress of modes of large-scale organized tropical convection. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 135, 161-173. http://doi.org/10.1002/qj.356

Roundy, P. E., C. J. Schreck, and M. A. Janiga, 2009: Contributions of convectively coupled equatorial Rossby waves and Kelvin waves to the real-time multivariate MJO Indices. Monthly Weather Review137, 469-478. http://doi.org/10.1175/2008MWR2595.1

2004

Schreck, C. J., and F. H. M. Semazzi, 2004: Variability of the recent climate of eastern Africa. International Journal of Climatology, 24, 681-701. http://doi.org/10.1002/joc.1019

Presentations

2020

Schreck, C. J., 2020: An overview of atmospheric equatorial waves. 15th Annual Indonesia-U.S. BMKG-NOAA Workshop, Virtual, September 9, 2020.

Schreck, C. J., 2020: The diagnostics for monitoring and forecasting them on ncics.org/mjo. 15th Annual Indonesia-U.S. BMKG-NOAA Workshop, Virtual, September 9, 2020.

Schreck, C. J., 2020: MJO. Tropical Meteorology class, University of North Carolina Asheville, Virtual, September 3, 2020.

Schreck, C. J., 2020: Sources of Tropical Subseasonal Skill in the CFSv2. Unified Forecast System (UFS) Users' Workshop, Virtual, July 29, 2020.

Schreck, C. J., 2020: Subseasonal Rainfall Forecasting. Water Collaborative Mini-Symposium, NC State University, Raleigh, NC, January 16, 2020.

2019

Worku, L., 2019: Multi-scale interactions between the diurnal cycle, MJO, and convectively coupled equatorial waves over the Maritime Continent. Ph.D. Defense, Energy & Environmental Systems (EES) Ph.D. Program, North Carolina A&T State University, Greensboro, NC, December 4, 2019.

Schreck, C. J., 2019: Climate and Weather Applications for Developing Countries. Millennium Challenge Corporation, Washington, DC, November 5, 2019.

Schreck, C. J., 2019: Speaking of Climate: Are hurricanes stronger, larger, and wetter? The Collider. Asheville, NC, September 24, 2019.

Schreck, C. J., 2019: The MJO and Equatorial waves in the CFSv2. University of Maryland – College Park, College Park, MD, July 24, 2019.

Mantripragada, S., A. Aiyyer, and C. J. Schreck, 2019: Surface variability and tropical waves over the Atlantic. CYGNSS Science Team Meeting, Ann Arbor, MI, June 7, 2019.

Schreck, C. J., 2019: Large Scale Tropical Dynamics: From Monsoon Troughs to Equatorial Waves. John Molinari Retirement Celebration, University at Albany, Albany, NY, March 8, 2019.

Schreck, C. J., 2019: Climate Change, Hurricanes, and North Carolina. Pacifica Senior Living Heritage Hills, Hendersonville, NC, March 1, 2019.

Schreck, C. J., 2019: Climate, Hurricanes, and Reinsurance. Lunch and Learn, The Collider, Asheville, NC, January 22, 2019.

Durre, I., R. Vose, and C. J. Schreck, 2019: Tales of Two Products: What Can We Learn from NCEI’s New Daily Grids and Area Averages of Temperature and Precipitation? AMS 99th Annual Meeting, Phoenix, AZ, January 10, 2019.

Schreck, C. J., A. Arguez, A. K. Inamdar, M. Palecki, and A. Ho. Young, 2019: ENSO Normals: A New Normals Product Conditioned by ENSO Phase and Intensity and Accounting for Secular Trends. AMS 99th Annual Meeting, Phoenix, AZ, January 10, 2019.

Janiga, M. A., C. J. Schreck, J. Ridout, M. Flatau, N. Barton, W. A. Komaromi, and C. A. Reynolds, 2019:  MJO Predictive Skill and Impacts in the Navy Earth System Model. American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting, Phoenix, AZ, January 9, 2019.

Schreck, C. J., M. A. Janiga, and A. R. Aiyyer, 2019: Variability in CFSv2 Hindcast Skill for the MJO and Equatorial Waves. AMS 99th Annual Meeting, Phoenix, AZ, January 9, 2019.

2018

Mantripragada, S., C. J. Schreck, and A. R. Aiyyer, 2018: CFSv2 Hindcast Skill at Predicting Interactions between Kelvin Waves and AEWs. PMM Science Team Meeting, Phoenix, AZ, October 10, 2018.

Worku, L. W., C. J. Schreck, and A. Mekonnen, 2018: Multi-scale Interaction between the Diurnal Cycle, MJO, and Kelvin Waves over the Maritime Continent. PMM Science Team Meeting, Phoenix, AZ, October 10, 2018.

Worku, L. W., A. Mekonnen, and C. J. Schreck 2019: Multiscale Interactions between the MJO, Equatorial Waves, and the Diurnal Cycle over the Maritime Continent: Part I. 33rd Conf. on Hurricanes and Tropical Meteorology, Ponte Vedra Beach, FL, April 20, 2018.

Mantripragada, S., A. Aiyyer, and C. J. Schreck, 2018: Interaction of Kelvin and Easterly Waves Over the Atlantic and Implications for Tropical Cyclogenesis. 33rd Conference on Hurricanes and Tropical Meteorology. American Meteorological Society, Ponte Vedra Beach, FL, April 16, 2018.

Schreck, C., 2018: Climate Change, Zombies, and the Southeast. Citizens’ Climate Lobby Southeast Regional Conference, Asheville, NC, March 23, 2018.

Schreck, C., 2018: Hurricanes, the Jet Stream, and El Niño. Black Mountain Elementary School, Black Mountain, NC, March 23, 2018.

Janiga, M. A., C. J. Schreck, III, J. Ridout, M. Flatau, N. Barton, W. A. Komaromi, and C. Reynolds, 2018: 421: Convectively Coupled Equatorial Waves and the MJO in Subseasonal Forecasts from Global Coupled Atmosphere–Ocean Models: Activity and Predictive Skill. American Meteorological Society 2018 Annual Meeting, Austin, TX, January 9, 2018.

Schreck, C. J., III, A. R. Aiyyer, M. A. Janiga, and C. W. Yeary, 2018: J28.3: CFS Hindcast Skill and MJO Propagation across the Maritime Continent. American Meteorological Society 2018 Annual Meeting, Austin, TX, January 9, 2018.

Janiga, M. A., C. J. Schreck, III, J. Ridout, M. Flatau, N. Barton, W. A. Komaromi, and C. Reynolds, 2018: 311: Influence of Convectively Coupled Equatorial Waves, the MJO, and ENSO on the Environment of Tropical Cyclones in Coupled Atmosphere–Ocean Subseasonal Prediction Systems. American Meteorological Society 2018 Annual Meeting, Austin, TX, January 8, 2018.

Schreck, C. J., III, A. Arguez, A. K. Inamdar, A. H. Young, and M. Palecki, 2018: 118: Different Flavors of Normals: Accounting for ENSO and Climate Change. American Meteorological Society 2018 Annual Meeting, Austin, TX, January 8, 2018.

2017

Schreck, C. J., 2017: Kelvin waves and Subseasonal Hurricane Activity. National Hurricane Center, Miami, FL. December 19, 2017.

Schreck, C. J., 2017: Interactions between Kelvin waves and easterly waves in CYGNSS. NASA CYGNSS Science Team Meeting, Miami, FL, December 18, 2017.

Janiga, M., J. A. Ridout, C. J. Schreck, III, M. K. Flatau, N. P. Barton, W. Komaromi, and C. A. Reynolds, 2017: OS43A-1403: Convectively Coupled Equatorial Waves and the MJO in Subseasonal Forecasts from Global Coupled Atmosphere-Ocean Models: Activity and Predictive Skill. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, New Orleans, LA, December 14, 2017.

Schreck, C., 2017: Climate Change, Hurricanes, and North Carolina. Trinity Presbyterian Church, Hendersonville, NC, November 29, 2017.

Schreck, C. J., III, 2017: CFS hindcast skill and MJO propagation across the Maritime Continent. 42nd NOAA Climate Diagnostics and Prediction Workshop, Norman, OK, October 25, 2017.

Schreck, C. J., III, 2017: Different Flavors of Normals: Accounting for ENSO and Climate Change. 42nd NOAA Climate Diagnostics and Prediction Workshop, Norman, OK, October 24, 2017.

Schreck, C. J., III, 2017: CFS Hindcast Skill and MJO Propagation across the Maritime Continent. NASA Precipitation Measuring Mission (PMM) Science Team Meeting, San Diego, CA, October 17, 2017.

Schreck, C. J., III, 2017: Diurnal Cycle of Precipitation over the Maritime Continent: Using TRMM3B42, TRMM PFs and ISCCP Weather State Datasets. NASA Precipitation Measuring Mission (PMM) Science Team Meeting, San Diego, CA, October 17, 2017.

Schreck, C., 2017: Climate Change Science for Educators. Buncombe County Professional Development Day, AC Reynolds High School, Asheville, NC, October 9, 2017.

Schreck, C., 2017: Climate Change: Causes, Impacts, & Solutions (panel discussion). WLOS Climate Change Round Table, Asheville, NC, October 5, 2017.

Schreck, C., 2017: Climate Change Communication (panel discussion). Citizens’ Climate Lobby Workshop, University of North Carolina-Asheville, Asheville, NC. September 30, 2017.

Schreck, C., 2017: Hurricane Formation (interview). Seven Minutes of Science podcast, Asheville Museum of Science (AMOS), Asheville, NC, September 26, 2017.

Schreck, C. J., III, 2017: Different Flavors of Normals: Accounting for ENSO and Climate Change. American Meteorological Society 23rd Conference on Applied Climatology, Asheville, NC, June 27, 2017.

Schreck, C. J., 2017: Impacts of Western Pacific Uncertainties on the Global Climatology. Workshop on Global Tropical Cyclone Reanalysis. Asheville, NC, May 22, 2017.

Schreck, C., 2017: Weather and Climate. Claxton Elementary School Science Inquiry Symposium, Asheville, NC, May 18, 2017.

Schreck, C., 2017: Hurricanes, the Jet Stream, the Gulf Stream, and ENSO. Black Mountain Elementary School, Black Mountain, NC, April 3, 2017.

Schreck, C. J., 2017: Subseasonal Variability of Tropical Cyclones: The MJO and Kelvin Waves. Fourth Santa Fe Conference on Global & Regional Climate Change, Santa Fe, NM, February 6-10, 2017.

2016

Schreck, C., 2016: presentation on hurricanes and rain gauges. North Buncombe Elementary School Career Day, Asheville, NC, November 22, 2016.

Schreck, C. J., A. Aiyyer, and A. Mekonnen, 2016: Multiscale interactions between the MJO, equatorial waves, and the diurnal cycle over the Maritime Continent. NASA PMM Science Team Meeting, Houston, TX October 24-28, 2016.

Schreck, C. J., 2016: Cluster analysis of tropical modes. NOAA’s 41st Climate Diagnostics and Prediction Workshop, Orono, ME, October 3-6, 2016.

Schreck, C., 2016: Science, Weather, and Anemometers. St. Mark's Lutheran Church Vacation Bible School, Asheville, NC, June 20, 2016.

Schreck, C. J., K. R. Knapp, J. P. Kossin, and C. Velden, 2016: Comparing CI-number/Pressure Relationships in the Western Pacific using HURSAT-ADT and Historical Reconnaissance. 32nd Conference on Hurricanes and Tropical Meteorology, San Juan, PR, April 17-22, 2016.

Schreck, C. J., J. Rennie, L. Watkins, K. Dobeck, and D. Podowitz, 2016: Scale-Dependent Relationships Between U.S. Temperatures and Teleconnections. American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting Fourth Symposium on the Madden–Julian Oscillation, New Orleans, LA, January 13, 2016.

Schreck, C. J., 2016: Kelvin Waves and Tropical Cyclogenesis in a Lagrangian Framework. Fourth Symposium on the Madden–Julian Oscillation, New Orleans, LA, January 10-14, 2016.

2015

Thorne, P., C. C. Hennon, K. R. Knapp, C. J. Schreck, S. E. Stevens, J. P. Kossin, J. Rennie, P. A. Hennon, and M. C. Kruk, 2015: Cyclone Center: Insights on historical tropical cyclones from citizen volunteers. 2015 AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, December 14 -18, 2015.

Schreck, C. J., 2015: Kelvin Waves and Tropical Cyclogenesis in a Lagrangian Framework. NASA Precipitation Measurement Mission Science Team Meeting, J Baltimore, MD, July 13-15, 2015.

Schreck, C. J., 2015: Improving agricultural forecasts with large satellite datasets. Data4Decisions Conference, Raleigh, NC, March 24-26, 2015.

Hennon, C. C., K. R. Knapp, C. J. Schreck, J. P. Kossin, and S. E. Stevens, 2015: Cyclone Center: A crowd sourcing application of the HURSAT-B1 data record. American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting, Phoenix, AZ, January 7, 2015.

Schreck, C. J., and Coauthors, 2015: Natural gas prices and the extreme winters of 2011/12 and 2013/14. Sixth Conference on Weather, Climate, and the New Energy Economy, Phoenix, AZ, January 4-8, 2015.

Schreck, C. J., and J. P. Kossin, 2015: A global survey of Kelvin waves and tropical cyclogenesis. Third Symposium on Prediction of the Madden–Julian Oscillation, Phoenix, AZ, January 4-8, 2015.

Schreck, C.J., H.-T. Lee, and K. Knapp, 2015: A new daily OLR dataset for identifying the MJO and tropical waves. Third Symposium on Prediction of the Madden-Julian Oscillation, Phoenix, AZ, January 4-8, 2015.

2014

Hennon, C. C., K. R. Knapp, C. J. Schreck, S. E. Stevens, J. P. Kossin, P. W. Thorne, P. A. Hennon, M. C. Kruk, and J. Rennie, 2014: Cyclone Center: Using citizen science to reconcile global tropical cyclone intensity. WMO Eighth International Workshop on Tropical Cyclones (IWTC-VIII), Jeju, Korea, December 2, 2014.

Schreck, C. J., and J. P. Kossin, 2014: A global survey of Kelvin waves and tropical cyclogenesis. 39th Climate Diagnostics and Prediction Workshop, St. Louis, MO, October 20-23, 2014.

Schreck, C.J., H.-T. Lee, and K. Knapp, 2014: A new daily OLR dataset for identifying the MJO and tropical waves. 39th Climate Diagnostics and Prediction Workshop, St. Louis, MO, October 20-23, 2014.

Schreck, C. J., and J. P. Kossin, 2014: A global survey of Kelvin waves and tropical cyclogenesis. NASA Precipitation Measurement Mission Science Team Meeting, Baltimore, MD, August 4-8, 2014.

Hennon, C. C., K. R. Knapp, C. J. Schreck, S. E. Stevens, J. P. Kossin, P. W. Thorne, P. A. Hennon, M. C. Kruk, and J. Rennie, 2014: Toward a homogeneous global tropical cyclone intensity record. AMS 31st Conf. on Hurricanes and Tropical Meteorology, San Diego, CA, April 1, 2014.

Schreck, C. J., and J. P. Kossin, 2014: A global survey of Kelvin waves and tropical cyclogenesis. 31st Conf. on Hurricanes and Tropical Meteorology, San Diego, CA, March 31-April 4, 2014.