Expertise: Observing Systems

NCICS scientists, data experts, and software engineers work together to advance our understanding of the Earth system by developing and enhancing remote sensing and in situ observing capabilities and datasets.

In Situ Observations

  • Quality Assurance
  • Algorithm Development
  • Data Validation
  • Global Temperature Datasets
  • Soil Moisture and Drought
  • U.S. Climate Reference Network

Remote Sensing

  • Calibration and Validation
  • Climate Data Records
  • Temperature and Humidity
  • Vegetation and Land Cover
  • Sea Surface Temperature
  • Arctic Sea Ice
  • Outgoing Radiation


  • Quantitative Precipitation Estimates
  • NEXRAD Reprocessing
  • Big Data
  • High Performance Computing

Data Integration and Delivery

  • Integrating in situ, remote sensing, radar sources
  • Derived Variables
  • Data Visualization