Kenneth Kunkel

Kenneth Kunkel

National Climate Assessment, Climate Extremes Research Phone: +1 828.257.3137 Email: Ken.Kunkel@noaa.gov Orcid: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6667-7047 Highlights 2015

Biography

Dr. Kunkel’s research has focused on historical climate variability and trends and on potential future change, particularly related to extreme events, such as heavy precipitation, heat waves, cold waves, and winter storms. A particular focus has been the historical variations in the frequency and intensity of such extreme events extending from the late 19th Century to the present. An examination of late 19th and early 20th Century variations is important because it establishes the quasi-natural background which provides a context for interpreting recent variations and possible anthropogenic influences. He has investigated the manner in which weather system phenomenology has contributed to observed climate trends.

His work on climate change has involved the diagnostic analysis of regional and global climate model simulations. This has focused on the regional fidelity of model simulations of the climate of the U.S., including such features as the North American monsoon and the lack of 20th Century warming in the central and southeastern U.S.

As Lead Scientist for technical support of the National Climate Assessment, he led the development of a nine-part NOAA Technical Report series published in 2013, to support the development of the Third National Climate Assessment. He was one of the lead authors on the climate science sections of Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment, a contributing author on The Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States: A Scientific Assessment, and a lead author on the Climate Science Special Report. He led the development of a set of climate summaries for all 50 States and Puerto Rico.

A recent focus is on the development of methods to incorporate climate change considerations into heavy rainfall design values that are used in the design of long-lived infrastructure. Such infrastructure will likely experience effects due to anthropogenically forced climate changes because of their long lifetimes.

Dr. Kunkel joined NCICS as a Senior Scientist and Lead Scientist for Assessments, and the Department of Marine, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences at NC State University as a Research Professor in September 2010. He holds a B.S. degree in Physics from Southern Illinois University-Edwardsville and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Meteorology from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Previous positions include Executive Director of the Division of Atmospheric Sciences of the Desert Research Institute, Director of the Midwestern Regional Climate Center and Interim Director of the Illinois State Water Survey, New Mexico State Climatologist, and Research Meteorologist with Army Research Laboratory at White Sands Missile Range, N.M. He is a Fellow of the American Meteorological Society.

Publications

2018

Runkle, J., K. Kunkel, and L. Stevens, 2018: Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands State Climate Summary. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 149-PR, 4 pp., https://statesummaries.ncics.org/pr

2017

Bell, J. E., C. L. Brown, K. Conlon, S. Herring, K. E. Kunkel, J. Lawrimore, G. Luber, C. Schreck, A. Smith, and C. Uejio, 2017: Changes in extreme events and the potential impacts on human health. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association, 68, 265-287. http://doi.org/10.1080/10962247.2017.1401017

Das Bhowmik, R., A. Sankarasubramanian, T. Sinha, J. Patskoski, G. Mahinthakumar, and K. E. Kunkel: Multivariate downscaling approach preserving cross-correlations across climate variables for projecting hydrologic fluxes. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 18, 2187-2205. http://doi.org/10.1175/JHM-D-16-0160.1

Easterling, D. R., K. E. Kunkel, J. R. Arnold, T. Knutson, A. N. LeGrande, L. R. Leung, R. S. Vose, D. E. Waliser, and M. F. Wehner, 2017: Precipitation change in the United States. Climate Science Special Report: Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume I, D. J. Wuebbles, D. W. Fahey, K. A. Hibbard, D. J. Dokken, B. C. Stewart, and T. K. Maycock, Eds., U.S. Global Change Research Program, 207-230. http://dx.doi.org/10.7930/J0H993CC

Hallar, A. G., N. P. Molotch, J. L. Hand, B. Livneh, I. B. McCubbin, R. Petersen, J. Michalsky, D. Lowenthal, and K. E. Kunkel, 2017: Impacts of increasing aridity and wildfires on aerosol loading in the intermountain Western US. Environmental Research Letters, 12, 014006. http://stacks.iop.org/1748-9326/12/i=1/a=014006

Kopp, R. E., D. R. Easterling, T. Hall, K. Hayhoe, R. Horton, K. E. Kunkel, and A. N. LeGrande, 2017: Potential surprises — compound extremes and tipping elements. Climate Science Special Report: Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume I, D. J. Wuebbles, D. W. Fahey, K. A. Hibbard, D. J. Dokken, B. C. Stewart, and T. K. Maycock, Eds., U.S. Global Change Research Program, 411-429. http://dx.doi.org/10.7930/J0GB227J

Kossin, J. P., T. Hall, T. Knutson, K. E. Kunkel, R. J. Trapp, D. E. Waliser, and M. F. Wehner, 2017: Extreme storms. Climate Science Special Report: Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume I, D. J. Wuebbles, D. W. Fahey, K. A. Hibbard, D. J. Dokken, B. C. Stewart, and T. K. Maycock, Eds., U.S. Global Change Research Program, 257-276. http://dx.doi.org/10.7930/J07S7KXX

Kunkel, K., R. Frankson, J. Runkle, S. Champion, L. Stevens, D. Easterling, and B. Stewart, 2017: State Climate Summaries for the United States. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 149, http://stateclimatesummaries.globalchange.gov/

Kunkel, K. E., S. M. Champion, L. Sun, and J. Rennie, 2017: Climate Model Data Support to the Assistant Secretary of Air Force (ASAF) Climate Projection Engineering Weather Data (EWD) Project. Final Report, Contract N61340-14-C-6103 P00013, 53 pp.

Sankarasubramanian, A., J. L. Sabo, K. L. Larson, S. B. Seo, T. Sinha, R. Bhowmik, A. R. Vidal, K. Kunkel, G. Mahinthakumar, E. Z. Berglund, and J. Kominoski, 2017: Synthesis of Public Water Supply Use in the U.S.: Spatio-temporal Patterns and Socio-Economic Controls. Earth's Futurez5, 771-788.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016EF000511

Stegall, S. T., and K. E. Kunkel, 2017: Monthly Extreme Temperature Trends in CMIP5 Hindcast/Prediction Simulations, 1981–2010 and 2006–35. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 56, 1141-1154. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JAMC-D-16-0281.1

Vose, R. S., D. R. Easterling, K. E. Kunkel, A. N. LeGrande, and M. F. Wehner, 2017: Temperature changes in the United States. Climate Science Special Report: Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume I, D. J. Wuebbles, D. W. Fahey, K. A. Hibbard, D. J. Dokken, B. C. Stewart, and T. K. Maycock, Eds., U.S. Global Change Research Program, 185-206. http://dx.doi.org/10.7930/J0N29V45

Wehner, M. F., J. R. Arnold, T. Knutson, K. E. Kunkel, and A. N. LeGrande, 2017: Droughts, floods, and wildfires. Climate Science Special Report: Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume I, D. J. Wuebbles, D. W. Fahey, K. A. Hibbard, D. J. Dokken, B. C. Stewart, and T. K. Maycock, Eds., U.S. Global Change Research Program, 231-256. http://dx.doi.org/10.7930/J0CJ8BNN

Wuebbles, D. J., D. R. Easterling, K. Hayhoe, T. Knutson, R. E. Kopp, J. P. Kossin, K. E. Kunkel, A. N. LeGrande, C. Mears, W. V. Sweet, P. C. Taylor, R. S. Vose, and M. F. Wehner, 2017: Our globally changing climate. Climate Science Special Report: Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume I, D. J. Wuebbles, D. W. Fahey, K. A. Hibbard, D. J. Dokken, B. C. Stewart, and T. K. Maycock, Eds., U.S. Global Change Research Program, 35-72. http://dx.doi.org/10.7930/J08S4N35

2016

Balbus, J., A. Crimmins, J. L. Gamble, D. R. Easterling, K. E. Kunkel, S. Saha, and M. C. Sarofim, 2016: Ch. 1: Introduction: Climate Change and Human Health. The Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States: A Scientific Assessment, U.S. Global Change Research Program, 25–42. http://dx.doi.org/10.7930/J0VX0DFW

Crimmins, A., J. Balbus, J. L. Gamble, D. R. Easterling, K. L. Ebi, J. Hess, K. E. Kunkel, D. M. Mills, and M. C. Sarofim, 2016: Appendix 1: Technical Support Document: Modeling Future Climate Impacts on Human Health. The Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States: A Scientific Assessment, U.S. Global Change Research Program, 287–300. http://dx.doi.org/10.7930/J0KH0K83

Easterling, D. R., K. E. Kunkel, M. F. Wehner, and L. Sun, 2016: Detection and attribution of climate extremes in the observed record. Weather and Climate Extremes, 11, 17-27. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wace.2016.01.001

Janssen, E., R. L. Sriver, D. J. Wuebbles, and K. E. Kunkel, 2016: Seasonal and regional variations in extreme precipitation event frequency using CMIP5. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 5385-5393. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016GL069151

Kunkel, K. E., and R. M. Frankson, 2016: Global land surface extremes of precipitation. Journal of Extreme Events, 2, 1550004. http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S2345737615500049

Kunkel, K. E., D. A. Robinson, S. Champion, X. Yin, T. Estilow, and R. M. Frankson, 2016: Trends and extremes in Northern Hemisphere snow characteristics. Current Climate Change Reports, 2, 65-73. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40641-016-0036-8

Paquin, D., A. Frigon, and K. E. Kunkel, 2016: Evaluation of total precipitable water from CRCM4 using NVAP-MEaSUREs dataset and ERA-Interim reanalysis. Atmosphere-Ocean, in presshttp://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07055900.2016.1230043

Waple, A. M., S. M. Champion, K. E. Kunkel, and C. Tilmes, 2016: Innovations in information management and access for assessments. Climatic Change, 135, 69-83. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10584-015-1588-7

2015

Frei, A., K. E. Kunkel, and A. Matonse, 2015: The seasonal nature of extreme hydrological events in the Northeastern United States. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 16, 2065–2085. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JHM-D-14-0237.1

Jacobs, J., S. K. Moore, K. E. Kunkel, and L. Sun, 2015: A framework for examining climate-driven changes to the seasonality and geographical range of coastal pathogens and harmful algae. Climate Risk Management, 8, 16-27. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.crm.2015.03.002

Kibler, S. R., P. A. Tester, K. E. Kunkel, S. K. Moore, and R. W. Litaker, 2015: Effects of ocean warming on growth and distribution of dinoflagellates associated with ciguatera fish poisoning in the Caribbean. Ecological Modelling, 316, 194-210. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2015.08.020

Kossin, J. P., T. R. Knutson, K. A. Emanuel, T. R. Karl, K. E. Kunkel, and J. J. O’Brien, 2015: Reply to ‘Comment on “Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms - State of Knowledge”’. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96, 1177–1179. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00261.1

Kunkel, K. E., R. Moss, and A. Parris, 2015: Innovations in science and scenarios for assessment. Climatic Change, 135, 55-68. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10584-015-1494-z

Kunkel, K. E., R. S. Vose, L. E. Stevens, and R. W. Knight, 2015: Is the monthly temperature climate of the United States becoming more extreme? Geophysical Research Letters, 42, 2014GL062035. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014GL062035

Sun, L., K. E. Kunkel, L. E. Stevens, A. Buddenberg, J. G. Dobson, and D. R. Easterling, 2015: Regional Surface Climate Conditions in CMIP3 and CMIP5 for the United States: Differences, Similarities, and Implications for the U.S. National Climate Assessment. NOAA Technical Report, NESDIS 144, 111 pp. http://dx.doi.org/10.7289/V5RB72KG

2014

Janssen, E., D. J. Wuebbles, K. E. Kunkel, S. C. Olsen, and A. Goodman, 2014: Observational- and model-based trends and projections of extreme precipitation over the contiguous United States. Earth's Future, 2, 2013EF000185. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2013EF000185

Lawrimore, J., T. R. Karl, M. Squires, D. A. Robinson, and K. E. Kunkel, 2014: Trends and variability in severe snowstorms east of the Rocky Mountains. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 15, 1762-1777. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JHM-D-13-068.1

Peterson, T. C., T. R. Karl, J. P. Kossin, K. E. Kunkel, J. H. Lawrimore, J. R. McMahon, R. S. Vose, and X. Yin, 2014: Changes in weather and climate extremes: State of knowledge relevant to air and water quality in the United States. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association, 64, 184-197. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10962247.2013.851044

Vose, R. S., S. Applequist, M. A. Bourassa, S. C. Pryor, R. J. Barthelmie, B. Blanton, P. D. Bromirski, H. E. Brooks, A. T. DeGaetano, R. M. Dole, D. R. Easterling, R. E. Jensen, T. R. Karl, R. W. Katz, K. Klink, M. C. Kruk, K. E. Kunkel, M. C. MacCracken, T. C. Peterson, K. Shein, B. R. Thomas, J. E. Walsh, X. L. Wang, M. F. Wehner, D. J. Wuebbles, and R. S. Young, 2014: Monitoring and understanding changes in extremes: Extratropical storms, winds, and waves. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 95, 377-386. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00162.1

Walsh, J., D. Wuebbles, K. Hayhoe, J. Kossin, K. Kunkel, G. Stephens, P. Thorne, R. Vose, M. Wehner, J. Willis, D. Anderson, S. Doney, R. Feely, P. Hennon, V. Kharin, T. Knutson, F. Landerer, T. Lenton, J. Kennedy, and R. Somerville, 2014: Ch. 2: Our Changing Climate. Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment, J. M. Melillo, Terese (T.C.) Richmond, and G. W. Yohe, Eds., U.S. Global Change Research Program, 19-67. http://dx.doi.org/10.7930/J0KW5CXT

Walsh, J., D. Wuebbles, K. Hayhoe, J. Kossin, K. Kunkel, G. Stephens, P. Thorne, R. Vose, M. Wehner, J. Willis, D. Anderson, V. Kharin, T. Knutson, F. Landerer, T. Lenton, J. Kennedy, and R. Somerville, 2014: Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement. Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment, J. M. Melillo, Terese (T.C.) Richmond, and G. W. Yohe, Eds., U.S. Global Change Research Program, 735-789. http://dx.doi.org/10.7930/J0KS6PHH

Walsh, J., D. Wuebbles, K. Hayhoe, J. Kossin, K. Kunkel, G. Stephens, P. Thorne, R. Vose, M. Wehner, J. Willis, D. Anderson, V. Kharin, T. Knutson, F. Landerer, T. Lenton, J. Kennedy, and R. Somerville, 2014: Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions. Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment, J. M. Melillo, Terese (T.C.) Richmond, and G. W. Yohe, Eds., U.S. Global Change Research Program, 790-820. http://dx.doi.org/10.7930/J0G15XS3

Wuebbles, D., G. Meehl, K. Hayhoe, T. R. Karl, K. Kunkel, B. Santer, M. Wehner, B. Colle, E. M. Fischer, R. Fu, A. Goodman, E. Janssen, V. Kharin, H. Lee, W. Li, L. N. Long, S. C. Olsen, Z. Pan, A. Seth, J. Sheffield, and L. Sun, 2014: CMIP5 climate model analyses: climate extremes in the United States. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 95, 571-583. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00172.1

Wuebbles, D. J., K. Kunkel, M. Wehner, and Z. Zobel, 2014: Severe weather in United States under a changing climate. Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, 95, 149-150. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014EO180001

2013

Keener, V. W., K. Hamilton, S. K. Izuka, K. E. Kunkel, L. E. Stevens, and L. Sun, 2013: Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 8. Climate of the Pacific Islands. U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-8. 44 pp., National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service, Washington, D.C., http://www.nesdis.noaa.gov/technical_reports/NOAA_NESDIS_Tech_Report_142-8-Climate_of_the_Pacific_Islands.pdf

Konrad, C. E., C. M. Fuhrmann, A. Bilot, B. D. Keim, M. C. Kruk, K. E. Kunkel, H. Needham, M. Shafer, and L. Stevens, 2013: Climate of the Southeast USA: Past, Present, and Future. Climate of the Southeast United States: Variability, Change, Impacts, and Vulnerability, K. Ingram, K. Dow, L. Carter, and J. Anderson, Eds., Island Press, 8-42. http://islandpress.org/climate-southeast-united-states

Kunkel, K. E., 2013: Uncertainties in observed changes in climate extremes. Extremes in a Changing Climate: Detection, Analysis and Uncertainty, A. AghaKouchak, D. Easterling, K. Hsu, S. Schubert, and S. Sorooshian, Eds., Springer Science & Business Media, 287-307. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-4479-0

Kunkel, K. E., T. R. Karl, H. Brooks, J. Kossin, J. Lawrimore, D. Arndt, L. Bosart, D. Changnon, S. L. Cutter, N. Doesken, K. Emanuel, P. Y. Groisman, R. W. Katz, T. Knutson, J. O’Brien, C. J. Paciorek, T. C. Peterson, K. Redmond, D. Robinson, J. Trapp, R. Vose, S. Weaver, M. Wehner, K. Wolter, and D. Wuebbles, 2013: Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms: State of knowledge. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94, 499-514. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00262.1

Kunkel, K. E., T. R. Karl, D. R. Easterling, K. Redmond, J. Young, X. Yin, and P. Hennon, 2013: Probable maximum precipitation and climate change. Geophysical Research Letters, 40, 1402-1408. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/grl.50334

Kunkel, K. E., L. E. Stevens, S. E. Stevens, L. Sun, E. Janssen, D. Wuebbles, and J. G. Dobson, 2013: Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 9. Climate of the Contiguous United States. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-9. 85 pp., National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service, Washington, D.C., http://www.nesdis.noaa.gov/technical_reports/NOAA_NESDIS_Tech_Report_142-9-Climate_of_the_Contiguous_United_States.pdf

Kunkel, K. E., L. E. Stevens, S. E. Stevens, L. Sun, E. Janssen, D. Wuebbles, S. D. Hilberg, M. S. Timlin, L. Stoecker, N. E. Westcott, and J. G. Dobson, 2013: Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 3. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-3. 103 pp., National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service, Washington, D.C., http://www.nesdis.noaa.gov/technical_reports/NOAA_NESDIS_Tech_Report_142-3-Climate_of_the_Midwest_U.S.pdf

Kunkel, K. E., L. E. Stevens, S. E. Stevens, L. Sun, E. Janssen, D. Wuebbles, C. E. Konrad, II, C. M. Fuhrman, B. D. Keim, M. C. Kruk, A. Billet, H. Needham, M. Schafer, and J. G. Dobson, 2013: Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2. 103 pp., National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service, Washington D.C., http://www.nesdis.noaa.gov/technical_reports/NOAA_NESDIS_Tech_Report_142-2-Climate_of_the_Southeast_U.S.pdf

Kunkel, K. E., L. E. Stevens, S. E. Stevens, L. Sun, E. Janssen, D. Wuebbles, M. C. Kruk, D. P. Thomas, M. D. Shulski, N. Umphlett, K. G. Hubbard, K. Robbins, L. Romolo, A. Akyuz, T. Pathak, T. R. Bergantino, and J. G. Dobson, 2013: Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4. 91 pp., National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service, Washington, D.C., http://www.nesdis.noaa.gov/technical_reports/NOAA_NESDIS_Tech_Report_142-4-Climate_of_the_U.S.%20Great_Plains.pdf

Kunkel, K. E., L. E. Stevens, S. E. Stevens, L. Sun, E. Janssen, D. Wuebbles, K. T. Redmond, and J. G. Dobson, 2013: Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 5. Climate of the Southwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-5. 87 pp., National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service, Washington, D.C., http://www.nesdis.noaa.gov/technical_reports/NOAA_NESDIS_Tech_Report_142-5-Climate_of_the_Southwest_U.S.pdf

Kunkel, K. E., L. E. Stevens, S. E. Stevens, L. Sun, E. Janssen, D. Wuebbles, K. T. Redmond, and J. G. Dobson, 2013: Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 6. Climate of the Northwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-6. 83 pp., National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service, Washington, D.C., http://www.nesdis.noaa.gov/technical_reports/NOAA_NESDIS_Tech_Report_142-6-Climate_of_the_Northwest_U.S.pdf

Kunkel, K. E., L. E. Stevens, S. E. Stevens, L. Sun, E. Janssen, D. Wuebbles, J. Rennells, A. DeGaetano, and J. G. Dobson, 2013: Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 1. Climate of the Northeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-1. 87 pp., National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service, Washington, D.C., http://www.nesdis.noaa.gov/technical_reports/NOAA_NESDIS_Tech_Report_142-1-Climate_of_the_Northeast_U.S.pdf

Peterson, T. C., R. R. Heim, R. Hirsch, D. P. Kaiser, H. Brooks, N. S. Diffenbaugh, R. M. Dole, J. P. Giovannettone, K. Guirguis, T. R. Karl, R. W. Katz, K. Kunkel, D. Lettenmaier, G. J. McCabe, C. J. Paciorek, K. R. Ryberg, S. Schubert, V. B. S. Silva, B. C. Stewart, A. V. Vecchia, G. Villarini, R. S. Vose, J. Walsh, M. Wehner, D. Wolock, K. Wolter, C. A. Woodhouse, and D. Wuebbles, 2013: Monitoring and understanding changes in heat waves, cold waves, floods and droughts in the United States: State of knowledge. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94, 821-834. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00066.1

Stewart, B. C., K. E. Kunkel, L. E. Stevens, L. Sun, and J. E. Walsh, 2013: Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 7. Climate of Alaska. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-7. 60 pp., http://www.nesdis.noaa.gov/technical_reports/NOAA_NESDIS_Tech_Report_142-7-Climate_of_Alaska.pdf

2012

Kunkel, K.E., 2012: Uncertainties in Observed Changes in Climate Extremes. In Extremes in a Changing Climate – Detection, Analysis & Uncertainty. A.AghaKouchak, D. Easterling, K. Hsu, S. Shubert, and S. Sorooshian (Eds.), Springer, 423pp, 287-307.

Karl, T. R., B. E. Gleason, M. J. Menne, J. R. McMahon, R. R. Heim, M. J. Brewer, K. E. Kunkel, D. S. Arndt, J. L. Privette, J. J. Bates, P. Y. Groisman, and D. R. Easterling, 2012: U.S. temperature and drought: Recent anomalies and trends. Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, 93, 473-474. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2012EO470001

Kunkel, K. E., D. R. Easterling, D. A. R. Kristovich, B. Gleason, L. Stoecker, and R. Smith, 2012: Meteorological causes of the secular variations in observed extreme precipitation events for the conterminous United States. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 13, 1131-1141. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JHM-D-11-0108.1

Liang, X.-Z., M. Xu, W. Gao, K. R. Reddy, K. Kunkel, D. L. Schmoldt, and A. N. Samel, 2012: A distributed cotton growth model developed from GOSSYM and its parameter determination. Agronomy Journal, 104, 661-674. http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj2011.0250

Liang, X.-Z., M. Xu, X. Yuan, T. Ling, H. I. Choi, F. Zhang, L. Chen, S. Liu, S. Su, F. Qiao, Y. He, J. X. L. Wang, K. E. Kunkel, W. Gao, E. Joseph, V. Morris, T.-W. Yu, J. Dudhia, and J. Michalakes, 2012: Regional climate–weather research and forecasting model. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 93, 1363-1387. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00180.1

2011

Westcott, N.E., S.D. Hilberg, R.L. Lampman, B.W. Alto, A. Bedel, E.J. Muturi, H. Glahn, M. Baker, K.E. Kunkel, and R.J. Novak, 2011:  Predicting the seasonal shift in mosquito populations preceding the onset of the West Nile Virus in central Illinois.  Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 92, 1173-1180. http://doi.org/10.1175/2011BAMS3163.1

2010

Angel, J. R., and K. E. Kunkel, 2010: The response of Great Lakes water levels to future climate scenarios with an emphasis on Lake Michigan-Huron. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 36, Supplement 2, 51-58. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jglr.2009.09.006

Kunkel, K. E., D. R. Easterling, D. A. R. Kristovich, B. Gleason, L. Stoecker, and R. Smith, 2010: Recent increases in U.S. heavy precipitation associated with tropical cyclones. Geophysical Research Letters, 37, n/a-n/a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2010GL045164

Kunkel, K. E., X.-Z. Liang, and J. Zhu, 2010: Regional climate model projections and uncertainties of U.S. summer heat waves. Journal of Climate, 23, 4447-4458. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/2010JCLI3349.1

Presentations

2018

Kunkel, K. E., 2018: Climate Change Impacts on Telecommunications. Invited talk, 2018 Environmental, Health & Safety Communications Panel Symposium, Arlington, TX, 19 September 2018.

Kunkel, K. E., 2018: Climate Projections and Tipping Points. Invited talk, Technical Working Group & Planning Meeting for the Conference on Climate-Induced Displacement at the Yale University MacMillan Center, Asheville, NC, 21 June 2018.

Kunkel, K. E., 2018: Historical Perspective on Hurricane Harvey Rainfall. Invited oral presentation, SAMSI Climate Extremes Workshop, Raleigh, NC, 16 May 2018.

Kunkel, K. E., 2018: Advances in Understanding of Climate Extremes. Invited plenary presentation, SAMSI Climate Transition Workshop, Raleigh, NC, 16 May 2018.

Kunkel, K. E., 2018: Climate Science in the National Climate Assessment. Invited oral presentation, Research Triangle Park Chapter of the Air and Waste Management Association, Durham, NC, 15 May 2018.

Kunkel, K. E., 2018: Effects of Global Warming on Building Design Values. Invited panel presentation, Facades+ NYC conference, New York City, NY, 19 April 2018.

Kunkel, K. E., 2018: Gibson Dam Storm Analysis. Invited talk, Colorado-New Mexico Regional Extreme Precipitation Study Workshop #6, Denver, CO, 9 April 2018.

Kunkel, K. E., 2018: Incorporation of the Effects of Future Anthropogenically-Forced Climate Change in Intensity-Duration-Frequency Design Values. Invited webinar, climate informatics working group, The Statistical and Applied Mathematical Institute, 6 March 2018.

Kunkel, K. E., 2018: High-Resolution Climate Projections: An Introduction to Common Methods. Oral presentation, Workshop on High-Resolution Climate Projections and Analysis for India, U.S.-India Partnership for Climate Resilience, Hyderabad, Telangana, India, 12 February 2018.

Kunkel, K. E., 2018: High-Resolution Climate Projections: An Introduction to Common Methods. Oral presentation, Workshop on High-Resolution Climate Projections and Analysis for India, U.S.-India Partnership for Climate Resilience, Delhi, India, 9 February 2018.

Kunkel, K. E., 2018: Climate Science in the National Climate Assessment. Invited presentation, Marine, Earth, and Atmospheric Sciences Department, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, 22 January 2018.

Kunkel, K. E., 2018: The Meteorology of Extreme Precipitation and Implications for Future Planning. Invited presentation, Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society, Austin, TX, 9 January 2018.

Kunkel, K. E., 2018: Automated Detection of Fronts Using a Deep Learning Algorithm. Oral presentation, Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society, Austin, TX, 10 January 2018.

2017

Kunkel, K. E., 2017: Key Findings from the U.S.-India Partnership for Climate Resilience Workshop on Development and Application of Downscaling Climate Projections. Oral presentation, Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union, New Orleans, LA, 13 December 2017.

Kunkel, K. E., 2017: An Approach toward Incorporation of Global Warming Effects into Intensity-Duration-Frequency Values. Oral presentation, Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union, New Orleans, LA, 12 December 2017.

Kunkel, K. E., 2017: Precipitation Intensity-Duration-Frequency (IDF) Relationships and Climate Change. Invited presentation, Interagency Forum on Climate Risks Impacts and Adaptation, Washington, DC, 1 December 2017.

Kunkel, K. E., 2017: Effect of Global Warming on Extreme Precipitation Design Values. Poster, SERDP/ESTCP Symposium 2017: Enhancing DoD’s Mission Effectiveness, Washington, DC, 28 November 2017.

Kunkel, K. E., 2017: The Science of Climate as Applied to Respiratory Health – a Look at the National Climate Assessment. Featured presentation, Climate and Respiratory Health - Focus Asthma, The Collider, Asheville, NC, 9 November 2017.

Kunkel, K. E., 2017: Climate Science in the National Climate Assessment. Invited seminar and remote presentation, University of Nevada-Reno graduate student class Perspectives on Western Hydroclimate, 5 October 2017.

Kunkel, K. E., 2017: DoD Needs: Memories of the Past and a Look to the Future. Invited talk, Army Research Laboratory, White Sands Missile Range, NM, 25 September 2017.

Kunkel, K. E., 2017: Climate Datasets. Invited overview lecture, Program on Mathematical and Statistical Methods for Climate and Earth Systems (CLIM), opening workshop, Durham, NC, 21 August 2017.

Kunkel, K. E., 2017: CICS-NC/NCICS Overview. Invited talk, Annual Meeting of the American Association of State Climatologists, Asheville, NC, 30 June 2017.

Kunkel, K. E., 2017: The switch to MMTS has changed extreme temperature trends. 23rd Conference on Applied Climatology, Asheville, NC, 27 June 2017.

Kunkel, K. E., 2017: Front Detection in MERRA and NARR. Invited talk, MERRA-2 Applications Workshop, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, 19 June 2017.

Kunkel, K. E., 2017: Technical Support Unit Overview. Invited webinar, Canadian National Climate Assessment team, 15 June 2017.

Kunkel, K. E., 2017: Tools for Climate Change Adaptation: State Climate Summaries and New Climate Scenarios. Poster paper, National Adaptation Forum, St. Paul, MN, 9-11 May 2017.

Kunkel, K. E., 2017: Extreme Precipitation Trends. Invited webinar, Climate Matters, hosted by Climate Central, 25 April 2017.

Kunkel, K. E., 2017: An Introduction to Downscaling Methods. U.S.-India Partnership for Climate Resilience Workshop on Development and Application of Downscaling Climate Projections, Indian Institute for Tropical Meteorology, Pune, India, 7 March 2017.

Kunkel, K. E., 2017: Effects of MMTS on Long-Term Extreme Temperature Trends. Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society, Seattle, WA, 24 January 2017.

Kunkel, K. E., 2017: Climate Change Adjustments for Intensity-Duration-Frequency Extreme Precipitation Values. Poster, Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society, Seattle, WA, 24 January 2017.

2016

Kunkel, K. E., 2016: Climate Scenarios for the Fourth National Climate Assessment and the Sustained Assessment Process. Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union, San Francisco, CA, 14 December 2016.

Kunkel, K. E., 2016: Incorporation of Anthropogenically-Forced climate change into Intensity-Duration-Frequency Values. Invited talk (remote), Team Meeting of new SERDP project led by John Marra, 17 November 2016.

Kunkel, K. E., 2016: Incorporation of Anthropogenically-Forced climate change into Intensity-Duration-Frequency Values. Invited talk (remote), City of Seattle meeting on climate-perturbed IDFs, 10 November 2016.

Kunkel, K. E., 2016: Metadata requirements and system demonstration. Invited talk, Climate Science Special Report 2nd Lead Authors Meeting, Boulder, CO, 3 November 2016.

Kunkel, K. E., 2016: The NOAA State Summaries. Invited talk, Fourth National Climate Assessment Federal Coordinating Lead Authors Meeting, Washington, DC, 26 October 2016.

Kunkel, K. E., 2016: The SERDP project. Invited talk, NCEI Science Council, Asheville, NC, 13 October 2016.

Kunkel, K. E., 2016: The National Climate Assessment. Invited talk, Journalists Workshop, Asheville, NC, 16 August 2016.

Kunkel, K. E., 2016: The India National Climate Assessment. Invited talk, NCEI Science Council, Asheville, NC, 14 July 2016.

Kunkel, K. E., 2016: Extreme Weather Events: Ice Storms. Invited talk (remote), National Academy of Sciences Panel on Enhancing the Resiliency of the Nation’s Electric Power Transmission and Distribution System, 11 July 2016.

Kunkel, K. E., 2016: NOAA State Summaries for the National Climate Assessment. Annual Meeting of the American Association of State Climatologists, Santa Fe, NM, 1 July 2016.

Kunkel, K. E., 2016: Extreme Rainfall and Resilient Building Codes. Invited talk, White House Conference on Resilient Building Codes, Washington, DC, 10 May 2016.

Kunkel, K. E., 2016: Laudato Si and Climate Science. Invited talk, Laudato Si Interdisciplinary Symposium, Franciscan University of Steubenville, Steubenville, OH, 28 April 2016.

Kunkel, K. E., 2016: Climate Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment. Scoping Workshop for the U.S.-India Partnership for Climate Resilience, Indian Institute for Tropical Meteorology, Pune, India, 11 April 2016.

Kunkel, K. E., 2016: Incorporation of the Effects of Future Anthropogenically-Forced Climate Change in Intensity-Duration-Frequency Design Values. SERDP In-Progress Review meeting, Arlington, VA, 1 March 2016.

Kunkel, K. E., 2016: Climate Resilience for the Southeast U.S. Invited talk, Research Triangle Park Foundation webinar, 22 February 2016.

Kunkel, K. E., 2016: Communicating Uncertainty in Weather and Climate-From PoPs to Beyond CO2. Town Hall Panel, Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society, New Orleans, LA, 12 January 2016.

Kunkel, K. E., 2016: The Development of Climate Scenarios for the National Climate Assessment. Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society, New Orleans, LA, 13 January 2016.

Kunkel, K. E., 2016: Precipitation Extremes and Anthropogenically-forced Warming: Considerations for Future Changes in Design Values. Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society, New Orleans, LA, 13 January 2016.

Kunkel, K. E., 2016: Climate Resilience for the Southeast U.S. Research Triangle Park Foundation, webinar, 22 February 2016.

Rennie, J. J., and K. Kunkel, 2016: Steps Towards an Experimental Homogenized Sub-Monthly Temperature Monitoring Tool. 22nd Conference on Applied Climatology, AMS Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA, 14 January 2016.

2015

Brown, O., K. Kunkel, and J. Dissen, 2015: Opportunities in Climate Analytics for Utilities. Utility Analytics Executive Advisory Council, August 2015.

Brown, O., K. Kunkel, and J. Dissen, 2015: Storm Data for Utilities. Utility Analytics Storm Analytics Working Group Presentation, September 2015.

Brown, O., and K. E. Kunkel, 2015: State of the Climate Science in Identification of Risks; Presentation and Use of Data from National Climate Center and Affiliates. Invited talk, Executive Forum on Business and Climate Workshop: Private Property, Information Disclosure, and the Roles of Insurance and Government, Chapel, NC, 20 March 2015.

Champion, S., and K. Kunkel, 2015: Data Management and the National Climate Assessment: Best Practices, Lessons Learned, and Future Applications. 95TH Annual Meeting the American Meteorological Society, Phoenix, AZ, 2015.

Champion, S., and K. E. Kunkel, 2015: Data Management and the National Climate Assessment: A Data Quality Solution. Invited talk, Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union, San Francisco, CA, 14 December 2015.

Kunkel, K. E., 2015: NOAA State Summaries for the National Climate Assessment. Annual Meeting of the American Association of State Climatologists, invited talk, Cape May, NJ, 25 June 2015.

Kunkel, K. E., 2015: Opportunities in Climate Analytics for Utilities. Summer Meeting of the Utility Analytics Institute Executive Advisory Council, Atlanta, GA, 11 August 2015.

Kunkel, K. E., 2015: Downscaling of Global Climate Models. U.S.-India Joint Working Group on Combating Climate Change, Washington, DC, 21 September 2015.

Kunkel, K. E., 2015: Extreme Climate Trends and Projections for the Southeast U.S. Annual Meeting of the Southeast Climate Consortium, Athens, GA, 20 October 2015.

Kunkel, K. E., 2015: Attribution of Heat and Cold Events. National Academy of Sciences Extreme Weather Events and Climate Change Attribution Workshop, Washington, DC, 22 October 2015.

Kunkel, K. E., 2015: Precipitation and Temperature Extremes in the U.S.: Trends and Causes. 40th Climate Diagnostics and Prediction Workshop, Denver, CO, 26 October 2015.

Kunkel, K. E., 2015: Climate Resilience for the Southeast U.S. Asheville chapter of The American Institute of Architects and The Collider, Asheville, NC, 6 November 2015.

Kunkel, K. E., 2015: A New Look at Precipitation Extremes in the central U.S. Workshop-Implications of a Changing Arctic on Water Resources and Agriculture in the Central U.S., Lincoln, NE, 10 November 2015.

Kunkel, K. E., 2015: Incorporation of the Effects of Future Anthropogenically-Forced Climate Change in Intensity-Duration-Frequency Design Values. Interagency Forum on Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation, Washington, DC, 8 December 2015.

Kunkel, K. E., 2015: Science and Communication Issues Associated with Precipitation in the NCA. Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society, Phoenix, AZ, 5 January 2015.

Kunkel, K. E., 2015: Data Management and the National Climate Assessment: Best Practices, Lessons Learned, and Future Applications. Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society, Phoenix, AZ, 5 January 2015.

Kunkel, K. E., 2015: Overview of the National Climate Assessment. Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society, Phoenix, AZ, 5 Janaury 2015.

Kunkel, K. E., 2015: Looking back on NCA3 and forward to NCA4, Town Hall Meeting: Developing Climate Scenarios for the 4 th National Climate Assessment and the Sustained Assessment Process, . Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society, Phoenix, AZ, 6 January 2015.

Kunkel, K. E., 2015: Historical Perspective on Recent Hot and Cold Extremes,. poster paper, Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society, Phoenix, AZ, 7 January 2015.

Kunkel, K. E., 2015: Future Projections of Extreme Climate Conditions from the National Climate Assessment: Implications for Food Security. invited paper, Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, San Jose, CA, 15 February 2015.

Kunkel, K. E., 2015: Projected Effects of Climate Change on Extreme Weather. invited talk, Kickoff Meeting, Effects of Climate Change on Dam-Related Health and Safety Interagency Assessment Team, Washington, DC, 25 February 2015.

Kunkel, K. E., 2015: Extreme Climate Conditions Past and Future: Implications for Food Security and Water Resources. 13th Annual Climate Prediction Applications Science Workshop, Las Cruces, NM, 25 March 2015.

Rennie, J. J., and K. Kunkel, 2015: Steps Towards an Experimental Homogenized Sub-Monthly Temperature Monitoring Tool. Poster, Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union, San Francisco, CA, 17 December 2015.

Stegall, S. T., and K. E. Kunkel, 2015: Long-Term U.S. Regional Trends of Extreme Temperature In the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5) Hindcast Data. American Meteorological Society 95th Annual Meeting, Phoenix, AZ, 4-8 January 2015.

2014

Kunkel, K. E., 2014: Climate Change: Regional Climate Scenarios. invited paper, Climate Change Adaptation Planning Workshop, National Exercise Program, The White House, Washington, DC, 7 May 2014.

Kunkel, K. E., 2014: NOAA Climate Data in the National Climate Assessment. invited paper, Workshop on Sources, Uses and Access to Regional Climate Forecasts and Projections, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC, 14 May 2014.

Kunkel, K. E., 2014: Climate change and risk? - How variable are climate projections and implications for disturbance risk. invited talk, Southern Forests Economic Issues Forum, Raleigh, NC, 4 November 2014.

Kunkel, K. E., 2014: Regional Climate Model Simulation of Extreme Precipitation in North America. invited talk, Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union, San Francisco, CA, 19 December 2014.

Kunkel, K. E., 2014: Science Issues Associated with Precipitation and Storm Extremes. Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union, San Francisco, CA, 19 December 2014.

Stevens, L. E., K. E. Kunkel, R. S. Vose, and R. W. Knight, 2014: Has the Temperature Climate of the United States Become More Extreme? 2014 AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 16 December 2014.

Stevens, S., B. Nelson, K. Kunkel, O. Prat, and T. Karl, 2014: Relationship among high rainfall rates, atmospheric moisture, and temperature based on high-resolution radar-based precipitation estimates. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 15-19 December 2014.

Sun, L., K. E. Kunkel, and L. Stevens, 2014: “Regional climate extremes in the United States: Observed changes and future outlook”. Seminar at Sun Yat-sen University, China, 24 November 2014.

Sun, L., K. E. Kunkel, and L. Stevens, 2014: “Deliver and improve climate science for National Climate Assessment in the United States”. SOUSEI symposium “Challenges toward Regional Climate Change Risk Prediction”, Yokohama, Japan, 26 November 2014.