Kenneth Kunkel

Kenneth Kunkel

National Climate Assessment, Climate Extremes Research Phone: +1 828.257.3137 Email: Ken.Kunkel@noaa.gov Orcid: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6667-7047 Highlights 2015

Biography

Dr. Kunkel’s research has focused on historical climate variability and trends and on potential future change, particularly related to extreme events, such as heavy precipitation, heat waves, cold waves, and winter storms. A particular focus has been the historical variations in the frequency and intensity of such extreme events extending from the late 19th Century to the present. An examination of late 19th and early 20th Century variations is important because it establishes the quasi-natural background which provides a context for interpreting recent variations and possible anthropogenic influences. He has investigated the manner in which weather system phenomenology has contributed to observed climate trends.

His work on climate change has involved the diagnostic analysis of regional and global climate model simulations. This has focused on the regional fidelity of model simulations of the climate of the U.S., including such features as the North American monsoon and the lack of 20th Century warming in the central and southeastern U.S.

As Lead Scientist for technical support of the National Climate Assessment, he led the development of a nine-part NOAA Technical Report series published in 2013, to support the development of the Third National Climate Assessment. He was one of the lead authors on the climate science sections of Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment and was a contributing author on The Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States: A Scientific Assessment.

A recent focus is on the development of methods to incorporate climate change considerations into heavy rainfall design values that are used in the design of long-lived infrastructure. Such infrastructure will likely experience effects due to anthropogenically forced climate changes because of their long lifetimes.

Dr. Kunkel joined NCICS as a Senior Scientist and Science Lead for Assessments, and the Department of Marine, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences at NC State University as a Research Professor in September 2010.

Publications

2016

Balbus, J., A. Crimmins, J. L. Gamble, D. R. Easterling, K. E. Kunkel, S. Saha, and M. C. Sarofim, 2016: Ch. 1: Introduction: Climate Change and Human Health. The Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States: A Scientific Assessment, U.S. Global Change Research Program, 25–42. http://dx.doi.org/10.7930/J0VX0DFW

Crimmins, A., J. Balbus, J. L. Gamble, D. R. Easterling, K. L. Ebi, J. Hess, K. E. Kunkel, D. M. Mills, and M. C. Sarofim, 2016: Appendix 1: Technical Support Document: Modeling Future Climate Impacts on Human Health. The Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States: A Scientific Assessment, U.S. Global Change Research Program, 287–300. http://dx.doi.org/10.7930/J0KH0K83

Easterling, D. R., K. E. Kunkel, M. F. Wehner, and L. Sun, 2016: Detection and attribution of climate extremes in the observed record. Weather and Climate Extremes, 11, 17-27. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wace.2016.01.001

Janssen, E., R. L. Sriver, D. J. Wuebbles, and K. E. Kunkel, 2016: Seasonal and regional variations in extreme precipitation event frequency using CMIP5. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 5385-5393. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016GL069151

Kunkel, K. E., and R. M. Frankson, 2016: Global land surface extremes of precipitation. Journal of Extreme Events, 2, 1550004. http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S2345737615500049

Kunkel, K. E., D. A. Robinson, S. Champion, X. Yin, T. Estilow, and R. M. Frankson, 2016: Trends and extremes in Northern Hemisphere snow characteristics. Current Climate Change Reports, 2, 65-73. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40641-016-0036-8

Paquin, D., A. Frigon, and K. E. Kunkel, 2016: Evaluation of total precipitable water from CRCM4 using NVAP-MEaSUREs dataset and ERA-Interim reanalysis. Atmosphere-Ocean, in presshttp://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07055900.2016.1230043

Waple, A. M., S. M. Champion, K. E. Kunkel, and C. Tilmes, 2016: Innovations in information management and access for assessments. Climatic Change, 135, 69-83. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10584-015-1588-7

2015

Frei, A., K. E. Kunkel, and A. Matonse, 2015: The seasonal nature of extreme hydrological events in the Northeastern United States. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 16, 2065–2085. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JHM-D-14-0237.1

Jacobs, J., S. K. Moore, K. E. Kunkel, and L. Sun, 2015: A framework for examining climate-driven changes to the seasonality and geographical range of coastal pathogens and harmful algae. Climate Risk Management, 8, 16-27. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.crm.2015.03.002

Kibler, S. R., P. A. Tester, K. E. Kunkel, S. K. Moore, and R. W. Litaker, 2015: Effects of ocean warming on growth and distribution of dinoflagellates associated with ciguatera fish poisoning in the Caribbean. Ecological Modelling, 316, 194-210. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2015.08.020

Kossin, J. P., T. R. Knutson, K. A. Emanuel, T. R. Karl, K. E. Kunkel, and J. J. O’Brien, 2015: Reply to ‘Comment on “Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms - State of Knowledge”’. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96, 1177–1179. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00261.1

Kunkel, K. E., R. Moss, and A. Parris, 2015: Innovations in science and scenarios for assessment. Climatic Change, 135, 55-68. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10584-015-1494-z

Kunkel, K. E., R. S. Vose, L. E. Stevens, and R. W. Knight, 2015: Is the monthly temperature climate of the United States becoming more extreme? Geophysical Research Letters, 42, 2014GL062035. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014GL062035

Sun, L., K. E. Kunkel, L. E. Stevens, A. Buddenberg, J. G. Dobson, and D. R. Easterling, 2015: Regional Surface Climate Conditions in CMIP3 and CMIP5 for the United States: Differences, Similarities, and Implications for the U.S. National Climate Assessment. NOAA Technical Report, NESDIS 144, 111 pp. http://dx.doi.org/10.7289/V5RB72KG

2014

Janssen, E., D. J. Wuebbles, K. E. Kunkel, S. C. Olsen, and A. Goodman, 2014: Observational- and model-based trends and projections of extreme precipitation over the contiguous United States. Earth's Future, 2, 2013EF000185. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2013EF000185

Lawrimore, J., T. R. Karl, M. Squires, D. A. Robinson, and K. E. Kunkel, 2014: Trends and variability in severe snowstorms east of the Rocky Mountains. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 15, 1762-1777. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JHM-D-13-068.1

Peterson, T. C., T. R. Karl, J. P. Kossin, K. E. Kunkel, J. H. Lawrimore, J. R. McMahon, R. S. Vose, and X. Yin, 2014: Changes in weather and climate extremes: State of knowledge relevant to air and water quality in the United States. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association, 64, 184-197. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10962247.2013.851044

Vose, R. S., S. Applequist, M. A. Bourassa, S. C. Pryor, R. J. Barthelmie, B. Blanton, P. D. Bromirski, H. E. Brooks, A. T. DeGaetano, R. M. Dole, D. R. Easterling, R. E. Jensen, T. R. Karl, R. W. Katz, K. Klink, M. C. Kruk, K. E. Kunkel, M. C. MacCracken, T. C. Peterson, K. Shein, B. R. Thomas, J. E. Walsh, X. L. Wang, M. F. Wehner, D. J. Wuebbles, and R. S. Young, 2014: Monitoring and understanding changes in extremes: Extratropical storms, winds, and waves. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 95, 377-386. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00162.1

Walsh, J., D. Wuebbles, K. Hayhoe, J. Kossin, K. Kunkel, G. Stephens, P. Thorne, R. Vose, M. Wehner, J. Willis, D. Anderson, S. Doney, R. Feely, P. Hennon, V. Kharin, T. Knutson, F. Landerer, T. Lenton, J. Kennedy, and R. Somerville, 2014: Ch. 2: Our Changing Climate. Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment, J. M. Melillo, Terese (T.C.) Richmond, and G. W. Yohe, Eds., U.S. Global Change Research Program, 19-67. http://dx.doi.org/10.7930/J0KW5CXT

Walsh, J., D. Wuebbles, K. Hayhoe, J. Kossin, K. Kunkel, G. Stephens, P. Thorne, R. Vose, M. Wehner, J. Willis, D. Anderson, V. Kharin, T. Knutson, F. Landerer, T. Lenton, J. Kennedy, and R. Somerville, 2014: Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement. Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment, J. M. Melillo, Terese (T.C.) Richmond, and G. W. Yohe, Eds., U.S. Global Change Research Program, 735-789. http://dx.doi.org/10.7930/J0KS6PHH

Walsh, J., D. Wuebbles, K. Hayhoe, J. Kossin, K. Kunkel, G. Stephens, P. Thorne, R. Vose, M. Wehner, J. Willis, D. Anderson, V. Kharin, T. Knutson, F. Landerer, T. Lenton, J. Kennedy, and R. Somerville, 2014: Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions. Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment, J. M. Melillo, Terese (T.C.) Richmond, and G. W. Yohe, Eds., U.S. Global Change Research Program, 790-820. http://dx.doi.org/10.7930/J0G15XS3

Wuebbles, D., G. Meehl, K. Hayhoe, T. R. Karl, K. Kunkel, B. Santer, M. Wehner, B. Colle, E. M. Fischer, R. Fu, A. Goodman, E. Janssen, V. Kharin, H. Lee, W. Li, L. N. Long, S. C. Olsen, Z. Pan, A. Seth, J. Sheffield, and L. Sun, 2014: CMIP5 climate model analyses: climate extremes in the United States. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 95, 571-583. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00172.1

Wuebbles, D. J., K. Kunkel, M. Wehner, and Z. Zobel, 2014: Severe weather in United States under a changing climate. Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, 95, 149-150. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014EO180001

2013

Keener, V. W., K. Hamilton, S. K. Izuka, K. E. Kunkel, L. E. Stevens, and L. Sun, 2013: Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 8. Climate of the Pacific Islands. U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-8. 44 pp., National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service, Washington, D.C., http://www.nesdis.noaa.gov/technical_reports/NOAA_NESDIS_Tech_Report_142-8-Climate_of_the_Pacific_Islands.pdf

Konrad, C. E., C. M. Fuhrmann, A. Bilot, B. D. Keim, M. C. Kruk, K. E. Kunkel, H. Needham, M. Shafer, and L. Stevens, 2013: Climate of the Southeast USA: Past, Present, and Future. Climate of the Southeast United States: Variability, Change, Impacts, and Vulnerability, K. Ingram, K. Dow, L. Carter, and J. Anderson, Eds., Island Press, 8-42. http://islandpress.org/climate-southeast-united-states

Kunkel, K. E., 2013: Uncertainties in observed changes in climate extremes. Extremes in a Changing Climate: Detection, Analysis and Uncertainty, A. AghaKouchak, D. Easterling, K. Hsu, S. Schubert, and S. Sorooshian, Eds., Springer Science & Business Media, 287-307. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-4479-0

Kunkel, K. E., T. R. Karl, H. Brooks, J. Kossin, J. Lawrimore, D. Arndt, L. Bosart, D. Changnon, S. L. Cutter, N. Doesken, K. Emanuel, P. Y. Groisman, R. W. Katz, T. Knutson, J. O’Brien, C. J. Paciorek, T. C. Peterson, K. Redmond, D. Robinson, J. Trapp, R. Vose, S. Weaver, M. Wehner, K. Wolter, and D. Wuebbles, 2013: Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms: State of knowledge. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00262.1

Kunkel, K. E., T. R. Karl, D. R. Easterling, K. Redmond, J. Young, X. Yin, and P. Hennon, 2013: Probable maximum precipitation and climate change. Geophysical Research Letters, 40, 1402-1408. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/grl.50334

Kunkel, K. E., L. E. Stevens, S. E. Stevens, L. Sun, E. Janssen, D. Wuebbles, and J. G. Dobson, 2013: Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 9. Climate of the Contiguous United States. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-9. 85 pp., National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service, Washington, D.C., http://www.nesdis.noaa.gov/technical_reports/NOAA_NESDIS_Tech_Report_142-9-Climate_of_the_Contiguous_United_States.pdf

Kunkel, K. E., L. E. Stevens, S. E. Stevens, L. Sun, E. Janssen, D. Wuebbles, S. D. Hilberg, M. S. Timlin, L. Stoecker, N. E. Westcott, and J. G. Dobson, 2013: Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 3. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-3. 103 pp., National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service, Washington, D.C., http://www.nesdis.noaa.gov/technical_reports/NOAA_NESDIS_Tech_Report_142-3-Climate_of_the_Midwest_U.S.pdf

Kunkel, K. E., L. E. Stevens, S. E. Stevens, L. Sun, E. Janssen, D. Wuebbles, C. E. Konrad, II, C. M. Fuhrman, B. D. Keim, M. C. Kruk, A. Billet, H. Needham, M. Schafer, and J. G. Dobson, 2013: Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2. 103 pp., National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service, Washington D.C., http://www.nesdis.noaa.gov/technical_reports/NOAA_NESDIS_Tech_Report_142-2-Climate_of_the_Southeast_U.S.pdf

Kunkel, K. E., L. E. Stevens, S. E. Stevens, L. Sun, E. Janssen, D. Wuebbles, M. C. Kruk, D. P. Thomas, M. D. Shulski, N. Umphlett, K. G. Hubbard, K. Robbins, L. Romolo, A. Akyuz, T. Pathak, T. R. Bergantino, and J. G. Dobson, 2013: Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4. 91 pp., National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service, Washington, D.C., http://www.nesdis.noaa.gov/technical_reports/NOAA_NESDIS_Tech_Report_142-4-Climate_of_the_U.S.%20Great_Plains.pdf

Kunkel, K. E., L. E. Stevens, S. E. Stevens, L. Sun, E. Janssen, D. Wuebbles, K. T. Redmond, and J. G. Dobson, 2013: Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 5. Climate of the Southwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-5. 87 pp., National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service, Washington, D.C., http://www.nesdis.noaa.gov/technical_reports/NOAA_NESDIS_Tech_Report_142-5-Climate_of_the_Southwest_U.S.pdf

Kunkel, K. E., L. E. Stevens, S. E. Stevens, L. Sun, E. Janssen, D. Wuebbles, K. T. Redmond, and J. G. Dobson, 2013: Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 6. Climate of the Northwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-6. 83 pp., National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service, Washington, D.C., http://www.nesdis.noaa.gov/technical_reports/NOAA_NESDIS_Tech_Report_142-6-Climate_of_the_Northwest_U.S.pdf

Kunkel, K. E., L. E. Stevens, S. E. Stevens, L. Sun, E. Janssen, D. Wuebbles, J. Rennells, A. DeGaetano, and J. G. Dobson, 2013: Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 1. Climate of the Northeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-1. 87 pp., National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service, Washington, D.C., http://www.nesdis.noaa.gov/technical_reports/NOAA_NESDIS_Tech_Report_142-1-Climate_of_the_Northeast_U.S.pdf

Peterson, T. C., R. R. Heim, R. Hirsch, D. P. Kaiser, H. Brooks, N. S. Diffenbaugh, R. M. Dole, J. P. Giovannettone, K. Guirguis, T. R. Karl, R. W. Katz, K. Kunkel, D. Lettenmaier, G. J. McCabe, C. J. Paciorek, K. R. Ryberg, S. Schubert, V. B. S. Silva, B. C. Stewart, A. V. Vecchia, G. Villarini, R. S. Vose, J. Walsh, M. Wehner, D. Wolock, K. Wolter, C. A. Woodhouse, and D. Wuebbles, 2013: Monitoring and understanding changes in heat waves, cold waves, floods and droughts in the United States: State of knowledge. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94, 821-834. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00066.1

Stewart, B. C., K. E. Kunkel, L. E. Stevens, L. Sun, and J. E. Walsh, 2013: Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 7. Climate of Alaska. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-7. 60 pp., http://www.nesdis.noaa.gov/technical_reports/NOAA_NESDIS_Tech_Report_142-7-Climate_of_Alaska.pdf

2012

Kunkel, K.E., 2012: Uncertainties in Observed Changes in Climate Extremes. In Extremes in a Changing Climate – Detection, Analysis & Uncertainty. A.AghaKouchak, D. Easterling, K. Hsu, S. Shubert, and S. Sorooshian (Eds.), Springer, 423pp, 287-307.

Karl, T. R., B. E. Gleason, M. J. Menne, J. R. McMahon, R. R. Heim, M. J. Brewer, K. E. Kunkel, D. S. Arndt, J. L. Privette, J. J. Bates, P. Y. Groisman, and D. R. Easterling, 2012: U.S. temperature and drought: Recent anomalies and trends. Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, 93, 473-474. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2012EO470001

Kunkel, K. E., D. R. Easterling, D. A. R. Kristovich, B. Gleason, L. Stoecker, and R. Smith, 2012: Meteorological causes of the secular variations in observed extreme precipitation events for the conterminous United States. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 13, 1131-1141. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JHM-D-11-0108.1

Liang, X.-Z., M. Xu, W. Gao, K. R. Reddy, K. Kunkel, D. L. Schmoldt, and A. N. Samel, 2012: A distributed cotton growth model developed from GOSSYM and its parameter determination. Agronomy Journal, 104, 661-674. http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj2011.0250

Liang, X.-Z., M. Xu, X. Yuan, T. Ling, H. I. Choi, F. Zhang, L. Chen, S. Liu, S. Su, F. Qiao, Y. He, J. X. L. Wang, K. E. Kunkel, W. Gao, E. Joseph, V. Morris, T.-W. Yu, J. Dudhia, and J. Michalakes, 2012: Regional climate–weather research and forecasting model. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 93, 1363-1387. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00180.1

2011

Westcott, N.E., S.D. Hilberg, R.L. Lampman, B.W. Alto, A. Bedel, E.J. Muturi, H. Glahn, M. Baker, K.E. Kunkel, and R.J. Novak, 2011:  Predicting the seasonal shift in mosquito populations preceding the onset of the West Nile Virus in central Illinois.  Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 92, 1173-1180.

2010

Angel, J. R., and K. E. Kunkel, 2010: The response of Great Lakes water levels to future climate scenarios with an emphasis on Lake Michigan-Huron. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 36, Supplement 2, 51-58. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jglr.2009.09.006

Kunkel, K. E., D. R. Easterling, D. A. R. Kristovich, B. Gleason, L. Stoecker, and R. Smith, 2010: Recent increases in U.S. heavy precipitation associated with tropical cyclones. Geophysical Research Letters, 37, n/a-n/a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2010GL045164

Kunkel, K. E., X.-Z. Liang, and J. Zhu, 2010: Regional climate model projections and uncertainties of U.S. summer heat waves. Journal of Climate, 23, 4447-4458. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/2010JCLI3349.1

Presentations

2016

Kunkel, K. E., 2016: Communicating Uncertainty in Weather and Climate-From PoPs to Beyond CO2. Town Hall Panel, Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society, New Orleans, LA, 12 January, 2016.

Kunkel, K. E., 2016: The Development of Climate Scenarios for the National Climate Assessment. Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society, New Orleans, LA, 13 January, 2016.

Kunkel, K. E., 2016: Precipitation Extremes and Anthropogenically-forced Warming: Considerations for Future Changes in Design Values. Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society, New Orleans, LA, 13 January, 2016.

Kunkel, K. E., 2016: Climate Resilience for the Southeast U.S. Research Triangle Park Foundation webinar, 22 February, 2016.

Rennie, J. J., and K. Kunkel, 2016: Steps Towards an Experimental Homogenized Sub-Monthly Temperature Monitoring Tool. 22nd Conference on Applied Climatology, AMS Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA, 14 Jan, 2016.

2015

Brown, O., K. Kunkel, and J. Dissen, 2015: Opportunities in Climate Analytics for Utilities. Utility Analytics Executive Advisory Council, August 2015.

Brown, O., K. Kunkel, and J. Dissen, 2015: Storm Data for Utilities. Utility Analytics Storm Analytics Working Group Presentation, September 2015.

Brown, O., and K. E. Kunkel, 2015: State of the Climate Science in Identification of Risks; Presentation and Use of Data from National Climate Center and Affiliates. invited talk, Executive Forum on Business and Climate Workshop: Private Property, Information Disclosure, and the Roles of Insurance and Government,, Chapel, NC, 20 March.

Champion, S., and K. Kunkel, 2015: Data Management and the National Climate Assessment: Best Practices, Lessons Learned, and Future Applications. 95TH Annual Meeting the American Meteorological Society, Phoenix, AZ, 2015.

Champion, S., and K. E. Kunkel, 2015: Data Management and the National Climate Assessment: A Data Quality Solution. Invited talk, Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union, San Francisco, CA, 14 December, 2015.

Kunkel, K. E., 2015: NOAA State Summaries for the National Climate Assessment. Annual Meeting of the American Association of State Climatologists, invited talk, Cape May, NJ, 25 June, 2015.

Kunkel, K. E., 2015: Opportunities in Climate Analytics for Utilities. Summer Meeting of the Utility Analytics Institute Executive Advisory Council, Atlanta, GA, 11 August, 2015.

Kunkel, K. E., 2015: Downscaling of Global Climate Models. U.S.-India Joint Working Group on Combating Climate Change, Washington, DC, 21 September, 2015.

Kunkel, K. E., 2015: Extreme Climate Trends and Projections for the Southeast U.S. Annual Meeting of the Southeast Climate Consortium, Athens, GA, 20 October, 2015.

Kunkel, K. E., 2015: Attribution of Heat and Cold Events. National Academy of Sciences Extreme Weather Events and Climate Change Attribution Workshop, Washington, DC, 22 October, 2015.

Kunkel, K. E., 2015: Precipitation and Temperature Extremes in the U.S.: Trends and Causes. 40th Climate Diagnostics and Prediction Workshop, Denver, CO, 26 October, 2015.

Kunkel, K. E., 2015: Climate Resilience for the Southeast U.S. Asheville chapter of The American Institute of Architects and The Collider, Asheville, NC, 6 November, 2015.

Kunkel, K. E., 2015: A New Look at Precipitation Extremes in the central U.S. Workshop-Implications of a Changing Arctic on Water Resources and Agriculture in the Central U.S., Lincoln, NE, 10 November, 2015.

Kunkel, K. E., 2015: Incorporation of the Effects of Future Anthropogenically-Forced Climate Change in Intensity-Duration-Frequency Design Values. Interagency Forum on Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation, Washington, DC, 8 December, 2015.

Kunkel, K. E., 2015: Science and Communication Issues Associated with Precipitation in the NCA. Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society, Phoenix, AZ, 5 January 2015.

Kunkel, K. E., 2015: Data Management and the National Climate Assessment: Best Practices, Lessons Learned, and Future Applications. Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society, Phoenix, AZ, 5 January 2015.

Kunkel, K. E., 2015: Overview of the National Climate Assessment. Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society, Phoenix, AZ, 5 Janaury 2015.

Kunkel, K. E., 2015: Looking back on NCA3 and forward to NCA4, Town Hall Meeting: Developing Climate Scenarios for the 4 th National Climate Assessment and the Sustained Assessment Process, . Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society, Phoenix, AZ, 6 January 2015.

Kunkel, K. E., 2015: Historical Perspective on Recent Hot and Cold Extremes,. poster paper, Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society, Phoenix, AZ, 7 January 2015.

Kunkel, K. E., 2015: Future Projections of Extreme Climate Conditions from the National Climate Assessment: Implications for Food Security. invited paper, Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, San Jose, CA, 15 February 2015.

Kunkel, K. E., 2015: Projected Effects of Climate Change on Extreme Weather. invited talk, Kickoff Meeting, Effects of Climate Change on Dam-Related Health and Safety Interagency Assessment Team, Washington, DC, 25 February 2015.

Kunkel, K. E., 2015: Extreme Climate Conditions Past and Future: Implications for Food Security and Water Resources. 13th Annual Climate Prediction Applications Science Workshop, Las Cruces, NM, 25 March 2015.

Rennie, J. J., and K. Kunkel, 2015: Steps Towards an Experimental Homogenized Sub-Monthly Temperature Monitoring Tool. Poster, Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union, San Francisco, CA, 17 Dec, 2015.

Stegall, S. T., and K. E. Kunkel, 2015: Long-Term U.S. Regional Trends of Extreme Temperature In the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5) Hindcast Data. American Meteorological Society 95th Annual Meeting, Phoenix, AZ, 4-8 January 2015.

2014

Kunkel, K. E., 2014: Climate Change: Regional Climate Scenarios. invited paper, Climate Change Adaptation Planning Workshop, National Exercise Program, The White House, Washington, DC, 7 May 2014.

Kunkel, K. E., 2014: NOAA Climate Data in the National Climate Assessment. invited paper, Workshop on Sources, Uses and Access to Regional Climate Forecasts and Projections, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC, 14 May 2014.

Kunkel, K. E., 2014: Climate change and risk? - How variable are climate projections and implications for disturbance risk. invited talk, Southern Forests Economic Issues Forum, Raleigh, NC, 4 November 2014.

Kunkel, K. E., 2014: Regional Climate Model Simulation of Extreme Precipitation in North America. invited talk, Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union, San Francisco, CA, 19 December 2014.

Kunkel, K. E., 2014: Science Issues Associated with Precipitation and Storm Extremes. Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union, San Francisco, CA, 19 December 2014.

Stevens, L. E., K. E. Kunkel, R. S. Vose, and R. W. Knight, 2014: Has the Temperature Climate of the United States Become More Extreme? 2014 AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 16 December 2014.

Stevens, S., B. Nelson, K. Kunkel, O. Prat, and T. Karl, 2014: Relationship among high rainfall rates, atmospheric moisture, and temperature based on high-resolution radar-based precipitation estimates. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 15-19 Dec 2014.

Sun, L., K. E. Kunkel, and L. Stevens, 2014: “Regional climate extremes in the United States: Observed changes and future outlook”. Seminar at Sun Yat-sen University, China, 24 November 2014.

Sun, L., K. E. Kunkel, and L. Stevens, 2014: “Deliver and improve climate science for National Climate Assessment in the United States”. SOUSEI symposium “Challenges toward Regional Climate Change Risk Prediction”, Yokohama, Japan, 26 November 2014.